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Effect of Lentil and Opuntia ficus-indica Mixtures Addition on Quality Characteristics of Sausages

렌틸과 백년초의 혼합첨가가 소시지의 품질특성에 미치는 영향

  • Received : 2015.05.04
  • Accepted : 2015.08.12
  • Published : 2015.08.31

Abstract

This study was performed to evaluate the quality characteristics of sausages after addition of lentil and Opuntia ficus-indica ethanol extract. Seven sausages were prepared as follows : F0 (control), F1 (5% lentils), F2 (5% lentils + 1% Opuntia ficus-indica), F3 (5% lentils + 3% Opuntia ficus-indica), F4(10% lentils), F5 (10% lentils + 1% Opuntia ficus-indica), and F6 (10% lentils + 3% Opuntia ficus-indica). Addition of lentils increase dietary fiber and starch in sausage while lowering fat content. Starch is used in manufacturing sausage to stabilize and increase viscosity. Opuntia ficus-indica contains dietary fibers and therefore addition of it to sausage increases dietary fiber, much like lentil addition. Lightness decreased and yellowness increased in all treatments. Redness was lowered by lentil addition but enhanced by addition of Opuntia ficus-indica. Redness in F3 and F5 were similar with control. But, F5 was more similar with control in all colors. Addition of lentil and Opuntia ficus-indica improved texture in hardness, springiness, gumminess, and chewiness. In sensory evaluation, color was lowered but taste was heightened by adding lentil and Opuntia ficus-indica extract. From results of this study, we could conclude that addition of mixture of lentil and Opuntia ficus-indica made sausage low in fat, with high in dietary fibers and starch. In addition, texture was increased and taste was better. F5 had the most similar color to control. We found out the optimal amounts of the two ingredients, lentil and Opuntia ficus- indica extract, were 10% and 1%, respectively.

Keywords

sausage;lentil;Opuntia ficus-indica extract;chemical property;textural property

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Cited by

  1. The Addition Effect of Lentil and Opuntia ficus-indica on Storage Stability for Sausages vol.31, pp.5, 2015, https://doi.org/10.9724/kfcs.2015.31.5.565

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 국방기술품질원