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Effects of Green Manure Crops on Tomato Growth and Soil Improvement for Reduction of Continuous Cropping Injury through Crop Rotation in Greenhouse

토마토 시설재배지 토양에서 단기 녹비작물 재배가 연작장해 토양 개량 및 토마토 생육에 미치는 영향

Jung, Yu Jin;Nou, III Sup;Kang, Kwon Kyoo
정유진;노일섭;강권규

  • Received : 2014.07.21
  • Accepted : 2015.02.21
  • Published : 2015.04.30

Abstract

To reduce the injury by continuous cropping system of tomato cultivation, green manure crops (GMCs) such as hairy vetch and rye were applied, Nutrient contributions of N, P2O5, K2O, CaO, and MgO in hairy vetch were 26.2, 5.8, 10.2, 6.6, and 1.5 ㎏/10a, respectively. Nutrient contributions of N, P2O5, K2O, CaO, and MgO in rye were 9.1, 4.2, 11.8, 3.8, and 3.1 ㎏/10a, respectively. After incorporation of GMCs into soil, bulk density in soil with GMCs was lower than that in soil without GMCs (control). In soil after incorporation of GMCs, pH was not different in all treatment conditions, and ranged from 6.37~6.52. EC in soil after incorporation of GMCs was lower than that in soil without GMCs. The OM, T-N, and avail. P2O5 contents in soil with GMCs were higher than those in soil without GMCs. The tomato growths were increased in the rotational cropping system (RCS) as compared to continuous cropping system (control and without NPK). Also the density of Pseudomonas corrugata in soil with GMCs was lower than that in soil without GMCs (control). This study suggest that the RCS using GMCs showed lower disease outbreak density in soil for tomato cultivation as compared to RCS without GMCs. Especially, the GMCs was good effect for reduction of continuous cropping injury of tomato.

Keywords

Green manure crops;Soil improvement;Reduction of continuous cropping injury;Tomato greenhouse

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