Analysis of MOSFET Failure Modes in Bi-directional Phase-Shift Full-Bridge Converters

  • Oh, Chang-Yeol ;
  • Sung, Won-Yong ;
  • Kim, Yun-Sung ;
  • Lee, Byoung-Kuk
  • Received : 2014.10.09
  • Accepted : 2015.04.30
  • Published : 2015.07.01


This paper presents an analysis of the mechanism of failure modes in bi-directional phase-shift full-bridge converters, composed of MOSFET, based on the circuit operation and parasitic parameters of MOSFET. In addition, the relation between circuit operation and parameters is suggested through an experimental comparison. From this relation, the suitable ranges of parameters for stable performance are analyzed. The design criteria of the bi-directional phase-shift full-bridge converter are presented and evaluated from the experimental verification.


Bi-directional Full-bridge converters;Bi-directional Phase-shift;Failure modes;MOSFET fault;MOSFET failure modes


  1. W Li, H. Wu, H. Yu, and X. He, “Isolated Winding- Coupled Bidirectional ZVS Converter With PWM Plus Phase-Shift (PPS) Control Strategy,” IEEE Trans. Power Electron., vol. 26, no. 12, pp. 3560-3570, Mar. 2011.
  2. H. L. Chan, K. W. E. Cheng, and D. Sutanto, “Phase-shift controlled DC-DC convertor with bi-directional power flow,” Inst. Electr. Eng. Proc.-Electr. Power Appl., vol. 148, no. 2, pp. 193-201, 2001.
  3. L. V. Karadzinov and D. C. Hamill, “Analysis of the influence of diode reverse recovery on the operation and design of high-frequency rectifiers”, IEEE Trans. Power Electron., vol.15, no.2, pp.386-398, Mar. 2000.
  4. S. Huang, G.A.J. Amaratunga, and F. Udrea, “Analysis of SEB and SEGR in super-junction MOSFETs”, IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci., vol. 47, no. 6, pp. 2640-2647, Dec. 2000.
  5. G. Busatto, G. V. Persiano and F. Iannuzzo, “Experimental and Numerical Investigation on MOSFET’s Failure During Reverse Recovery of its Internal Diode,” IEEE Trans. Power Electron., Vol. 46, No. 6, pp. 1268-1273, June 1999.
  6. D. Yu, S. Lukic, B. Jacobson, and A. Huang, “Review of high power isolated bi-directional DC-DC converters for PHEV/EV DC charging infrastructure,” in Proc. IEEE Energy Convers. Congr. Expo., 2011, pp. 553-560.
  7. S. J. Park, J. H. Shin, J. H. Park, and H. J. Jeon, “Dynamic Analysis and Controller Design for Standalone Operation of Photovoltaic Power Conditioners with Energy Storage,” Journal of Electrical Engineering & Technology, Vol. 9, No. 6, Nov. 2014, pp. 2004-2012.
  8. C. Zhao, S. D. Round, and J. W. Kolar, “Full-order averaging modelling of zero-voltage-switching phase shift bidirectional DC-DC converters,” IET Power Electron., vol.3, no.3, pp. 400-410, May 2010.
  9. R. L. Steigerwald, R. W. De Doncker, and H. Kheraluwala, “A comparison of high-power DC-DC soft-switched converter topologies,” IEEE Trans. Ind. Appl., vol. 32, no. 5, pp. 1139-1145, Sep./Oct. 1996.
  10. S. Jalbrzykowski, A. Bogdan, and T. Citko, “A Dual Full-Bridge Resonant Class-E Bidirectional DC-DC Converter,” IEEE Trans. Ind. Electron., vol.58, no.9, pp. 3879-3883, Sept 2011.
  11. H. L. Chan, K. W. E. Cheng, and D. Sutanto, “ZCS-ZVS bi-directional phase-shifted DC-DC converter with extended load range,” Proc. Inst. Elect. Eng. -Elect. Power Appl., vol. 150, no. 3, pp. 269-277, May 2003
  12. G. Ma; W. Qu; G. Yu; Y. Liu; N. Liang; W. Li “A Zero-Voltage-Switching Bidirectional DC-DC Converter With State Analysis and Soft-Switching-Oriented Design Consideration”, IEEE Trans. Ind. Electron., vol. 56, no. 6, pp. 2174-2184, June 2009.
  13. H. Xiao and S. Xie, “A ZVS Bidirectional DC-DC Converter With Phase-Shift Plus PWM Control Scheme,” IEEE Trans. Power Electron., vol. 23, no. 2, pp. 813-823, Mar. 2008.
  14. C. Y. Oh, Y. S. Kim, W. Y. Sung, N. J. Cho, and B. K. Lee, “Analysis of MOSFET Failure Modes in Bi-directional Phase-Shift Full-Bridge Converters,” in Proc. IEEE Applied Power Electronics Conf. and Expo., 2014, pp. 43-48.
  15. Md. P. Akter, S. Mekhilef, N. M. L. Tan, and H. Akagi, “Model Predictive Control of Bidirectional AC-DC Converter for Energy Storage System,” Journal of Electrical Engineering & Technology, Vol. 10, No. 1, Jan. 2015, pp. 165-175.

Cited by

  1. Bidirectional Power Conversion of Isolated Switched-Capacitor Topology for Photovoltaic Differential Power Processors vol.16, pp.5, 2016,