A Study on the Change of Landscape in Bulguksa Temple through a Iconographic Materials in the Period of Japanese Occupation

일제강점기 도상자료를 통한 불국사의 경관변화에 관한 연구

  • Kim, Kyu-Won (Graduate School, Korea University) ;
  • Ahn, Gye-Bog (Dept. of Landscape Architecture, Catholic University of Deagu) ;
  • Sim, Woo-Kyung (Landscape Architecture Program, Korea University)
  • 김규원 (고려대학교 대학원) ;
  • 안계복 (대구가톨릭대학교 조경학과) ;
  • 심우경 (고려대학교 조경학연구실)
  • Received : 2015.02.23
  • Accepted : 2015.03.19
  • Published : 2015.03.31


Bulguksa Temple, a typical temple of Silla was lost during Japanese Invasion of Korea and there are records of reconstructing in its record, Bulguksa Sajeok. There is no record after that. And reconstructing was stopped due to lack of money and repair works were conducted for two times in Japanese colonial era. First repair work was from 1989 to 1919 and second repair work was conducted from 1922 to 1925. After Liberation, Bulguksa Temple Restoration Committee was established in 1969 and the construction has started since 1970 after excavation investigation to complete in 1973. The shape of south arcade without walls in the main temple of Bulguksa was found in a blue print of Bulguksa in Japanese colonial era in National Archives of Korea now and a picture of Bulguksa in 1902 taken by Sekino Tadashi. It verified the correlation between Gupumyeonji which was discovered in restoration work in 1970s and a legend of Muyoungtap. And a stair from the hall of Paradise to the main temple was introduced as a stair including Pure Land Buddhism doctrine in many literature materials, but a blue print of Bulguksa in Japanese colonial era and reports of excavation investigation in 1970s verified that it was a temporary stair built by Japan and its meaning was given later. This research checked the scenery of Bulguksa Temple before Japanese colonial era and it is intended for basic data to conduct restoration or reconstruction project in the future.


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