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Effects of Post-harvest Storage Duration and Variety on Nutrient Digestibility and Energy Content Wheat in Finishing Pigs

  • Guo, P.P. (State Key Laboratory of Animal Nutrition, China Agricultural University) ;
  • Li, P.L. (State Key Laboratory of Animal Nutrition, China Agricultural University) ;
  • Li, Z.C. (State Key Laboratory of Animal Nutrition, China Agricultural University) ;
  • Stein, H.H. (Department of Animal Sciences, University of Illinois) ;
  • Liu, L. (State Key Laboratory of Animal Nutrition, China Agricultural University) ;
  • Xia, T. (State Key Laboratory of Animal Nutrition, China Agricultural University) ;
  • Yang, Y.Y. (State Key Laboratory of Animal Nutrition, China Agricultural University) ;
  • Ma, Y.X. (State Key Laboratory of Animal Nutrition, China Agricultural University)
  • Received : 2015.01.07
  • Accepted : 2015.04.10
  • Published : 2015.10.01

Abstract

This study was conducted to investigate the effects of post-harvest storage duration and wheat variety on the digestibility and energy content of new season wheat fed to finishing pigs. Two wheat varieties (Shi and Zhong) were harvested in 2013 and stored in the warehouse of the Fengning Pig Experimental Base at China Agricultural University for 3, 6, 9, or 12 mo. For each storage period, 12 barrows were placed in metabolism crates and allotted to diets containing 1 of the 2 wheat varieties in a randomized complete block design. The experimental diets contained 97.34% wheat and 2.66% of a vitamin and trace mineral premix. With an extension of storage duration from 3 mo to 12 mo, the gross energy (GE) and crude protein (CP) of the wheat decreased by 2.0% and 12.01%, respectively, while the concentration of neutral detergent fiber (NDF), acid detergent fiber (ADF) and starch content increased by 30.26%, 19.08%, and 2.46%, respectively. Total non-starch polysaccharide, total arabinose, total xylose and total mannose contents decreased by 46.27%, 45.80%, 41.71%, and 75.66%, respectively. However, there were no significant differences in the chemical composition between the two wheat varieties with the exception of ADF which was approximately 13.37% lower in Shi. With an extension of storage duration from 3 mo to 12 mo, the digestible energy (DE), metabolizable energy (ME) content and the apparent total tract digestibility of GE, CP, dry matter, organic matter, ether extract, ADF and metabolizability of energy in wheat decreased linearly (p<0.01) by 5.74%, 7.60%, 3.75%, 3.88%, 3.50%, 2.47%, 26.22%, 27.62%, and 3.94%, respectively. But the digestibility of NDF changed quadratically (p<0.01). There was an interaction between wheat variety and storage time for CP digestibility (p<0.05), such that the CP digestibility of variety Zhong was stable during 9 mo of storage, while the CP digestibility of variety Shi decreased (p<0.05). In conclusion, the GE, DE, and ME of wheat was stable during the first 3 to 6 mo of post-harvest storage, and decreased during the following 6 to 12 mo of storage under the conditions of this study.

Keywords

Digestibility;Digestible and Metabolizable Energy;Finishing Pigs;Post-harvest Storage;Wheat

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