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Genetic Parameters of Reproductive and Meat Quality Traits in Korean Berkshire Pigs

  • Lee, Joon-Ho ;
  • Song, Ki-Duk ;
  • Lee, Hak-Kyo ;
  • Cho, Kwang-Hyun ;
  • Park, Hwa-Chun ;
  • Park, Kyung-Do
  • Received : 2015.02.04
  • Accepted : 2015.04.20
  • Published : 2015.10.01

Abstract

Genetic parameters of Berkshire pigs for reproduction, carcass and meat quality traits were estimated using the records from a breeding farm in Korea. For reproduction traits, 2,457 records of the total number of piglets born (TNB) and the number of piglets born alive (NBA) from 781 sows and 53 sires were used. For two carcass traits which are carcass weight (CW) and backfat thickness (BF) and for 10 meat quality traits which are pH value after 45 minutes (pH45m), pH value after 24 hours (pH24h), lightness in meat color (LMC), redness in meat color (RMC), yellowness in meat color (YMC), moisture holding capacity (MHC), drip loss (DL), cooking loss (CL), fat content (FC), and shear force value (SH), 1,942 pig records were used to estimate genetic parameters. The genetic parameters for each trait were estimated using VCE program with animal model. Heritability estimates for reproduction traits TNB and NBA were 0.07 and 0.06, respectively, for carcass traits CW and BF were 0.37 and 0.57, respectively and for meat traits pH45m, pH24h, LMC, RMC, YMC, MHC, DL, CL, FC, and SH were 0.48, 0.15, 0.19, 0.36, 0.28, 0.21, 0.33, 0.45, 0.43, and 0.39, respectively. The estimate for genetic correlation coefficient between CW and BF was 0.27. The Genetic correlation between pH24h and meat color traits were in the range of -0.51 to -0.33 and between pH24h and DL and SH were -0.41 and -0.32, respectively. The estimates for genetic correlation coefficients between reproductive and meat quality traits were very low or zero. However, the estimates for genetic correlation coefficients between reproductive traits and drip and cooking loss were in the range of 0.12 to 0.17 and -0.14 to -0.12, respectively. As the estimated heritability of meat quality traits showed medium to high heritability, these traits may be applicable for the genetic improvement by continuous measurement. However, since some of the meat quality traits showed negative genetic correlations with carcass traits, an appropriate breeding scheme is required that carefully considers the complexity of genetic parameters and applicability of data.

Keywords

Berkshire;Genetic Parameter;Heritability;Repeatability;Genetic Correlation

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Cited by

  1. Identification of Differentially Expressed Genes Associated with Litter Size in Berkshire Pig Placenta vol.11, pp.4, 2016, https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0153311
  2. Genes on Litter Size Traits in Berkshire Pigs pp.1532-2378, 2017, https://doi.org/10.1080/10495398.2017.1395345
  3. Effect of single nucleotide polymorphism on the total number of piglets born per parity of three different pig breeds vol.31, pp.5, 2018, https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.17.0028

Acknowledgement

Supported by : Rural Development Administration