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Correlation between Heart-type Fatty Acid-binding Protein Gene Polymorphism and mRNA Expression with Intramuscular Fat in Baicheng-oil Chicken

  • Wang, Yong (College of Animal Science, Key Laboratory of Tarim Animal Husbandry Science and Technology of Xinjiang Production and Construction Groups, Tarim University) ;
  • He, Jianzhong (College of Animal Science, Key Laboratory of Tarim Animal Husbandry Science and Technology of Xinjiang Production and Construction Groups, Tarim University) ;
  • Yang, Wenxuan (Inspection Center for the Quality of Agricultural and Sideline Products of Shandong) ;
  • Muhantay, Gemenggul (College of Animal Science, Key Laboratory of Tarim Animal Husbandry Science and Technology of Xinjiang Production and Construction Groups, Tarim University) ;
  • Chen, Ying (College of Animal Science, Key Laboratory of Tarim Animal Husbandry Science and Technology of Xinjiang Production and Construction Groups, Tarim University) ;
  • Xing, Jinming (College of Animal Science, Key Laboratory of Tarim Animal Husbandry Science and Technology of Xinjiang Production and Construction Groups, Tarim University) ;
  • Liu, Jianzhu (College of Veterinary Medicine, Research Center for Animal Disease Control Engineering Shandong, Shandong Agricultural University)
  • Received : 2014.11.19
  • Accepted : 2015.03.12
  • Published : 2015.10.01

Abstract

This study aims to determine the polymorphism and mRNA expression pattern of the heart-type fatty acid-binding protein (H-FABP) gene and their association with intramuscular fat (IMF) content in the breast and leg muscles of Baicheng oil chicken (BOC). A total of 720 chickens, including 240 black Baicheng oil chicken (BBOC), 240 silky Baicheng oil chicken (SBOC), and 240 white Baicheng oil chicken (WBOC) were raised. Three genotypes of H-FABP gene second extron following AA, AB, and BB were detected by polymerase chain reaction-single strand conformation polymorphism (PCR-SSCP) strategy. The G939A site created AA genotype and G956A site created BB genotype. The content of IMF in AA genotype in breast muscle of BBOC was significantly higher than that of AB (p = 0.0176) and the genotype in leg muscle of WBOC was significantly higher than that of AB (p = 0.0145). The G939A site could be taken as genetic marker for higher IMF content selecting for breast muscle of BBOC and leg muscle of WBOC. The relative mRNA expression of H-FABP was measured by real-time PCR at 30, 60, 90, and 120 d. The IMF content significantly increased with age in both muscles. The mRNA expression level of H-FABP significantly decreased with age in both muscles of the three types of chickens. Moreover, a significant negative correlation between H-FABP abundance and IMF content in the leg muscles of WBOC (p = 0.035) was observed. The mRNA expression of H-FABP negatively correlated with the IMF content in both breast and leg muscles of BOC sat slaughter time.

Keywords

Expression Regularity;Heart-type Fatty Acid-binding Protein (H-FABP);Breast Muscle;Leg Muscle;Baicheng-oil Chicken

Acknowledgement

Supported by : National Natural Science Foundation of China

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