Subjectivity on Health and Lifestyle among Middle-aged Women -Q Methodological Approach-

중년 여성의 건강과 생활양식에 대한 주관성 연구

  • Lee, Si-Eun (Department of Nursing, Hanyang Graduate School) ;
  • Kim, Jin-Kyung (Department of Nursing, Gangneung Yeongdong University) ;
  • Kim, Boon-Han (Department of Nursing, Hanyang University)
  • 이시은 (한양대학교 일반대학원 간호학과) ;
  • 김진경 (강릉영동대학교 간호학과) ;
  • 김분한 (한양대학교 간호학부)
  • Received : 2015.04.08
  • Accepted : 2015.07.16
  • Published : 2015.07.31


The purpose of this study was to understand the subjectivity on health and lifestyle of middle aged women and to explore the relationship between health and lifestyle. Q methodology was applied of the study. 29 statements for health and 27 statements for lifestyle were classified by 30 women of the age 40~60 years living in Seoul. The obtained data were analyzed by means of PC Quanl program. The result showed that the health and lifestyle of middle aged women were classified in 4 types and the characteristics and the relationship between health and life style have been identified. The types of health included 'health worrying type', 'daily living management type', 'discordance between one's words and action type', and 'early management type'. The types of lifestyle included 'occupation focused type', 'self norm value type', 'satisfying type', and 'religion focused type'. This study provided basic data to improve the health and life style of middle aged women, as well as to supply theoretical frame to prepare individualized nursing interventions.

본 연구의 목적은 중년 여성의 건강과 생활양식에 대한 주관성을 파악하고 유형별 특성을 기술하며, 건강과 생활양식과의 관련성을 파악하는 것으로, Q방법론을 적용하였다. 서울시에 거주하는 40세~60세 중년 여성 30명에게 건강에 관한 진술문 29개와, 생활양식에 관한 진술문 27개를 분류하도록 하였다. 수집된 자료는 PC Quanl program을 이용하여 분석하였다. 본 연구결과 중년 여성의 건강과 생활양식은 각각 네 가지의 유형으로 구분되었으며, 건강과 생활양식과의 특성 및 관련성이 확인되었다. 건강 유형은 '건강 염려형', '일상생활 관리형', '언행 불일치형'과 '조기 관리형'이다. 생활양식 유형은 '직업 중심형', '자기규범 가치형', '현재 만족형'과 '종교 중심형'이다. 본 연구는 중년 여성과 가족 및 나아가 국민의 건강과 생활양식을 향상시키는데 기초자료를 제공하였으며, 개별화된 간호중재 방안을 마련하기 위한 이론적 기틀을 제공하였다.



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