Occupational Stress, Depression, Drinking of Heavy Industrial Male Workers

중공업 남성근로자의 직무스트레스, 우울, 음주

  • Received : 2015.03.12
  • Accepted : 2015.07.16
  • Published : 2015.07.31


This study investigates the relationship between occupational stress, depression, drinking among heavy industrial male workers. The participants of this study were 312 workers in a local heavy industry. The data were collected by self-report using questionnaires from May to June, 2014. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics. t-test, ANOVA, and pearson correlation coefficient, scheffe test, stepwise multiple linear regression with the SPSS/WIN 20.0 program. The total mean scores of occupational stress on the subjects were $53.77({\pm}6.33)$, depression were $12.10({\pm}7.44)$, drinking were $10.32({\pm}7.55)$. The study showed that drinking is positively correlated with occupational stress, depression. Also drinking explained 15.9% of occupational stress in heavy industrial male workers. This study provides baseline data for the preparation of management strategies that can address the occupational stress, depression, drinking of heavy industrial male workers.


  1. M. Jang "Relationship between job stress, social support, self-efficacy and depression of flight attendants", Unpublished master's thesis, Ehwa women's University, Seoul, 2009.
  2. S. J. Chang, S. B. Koh, D. Kang, et al., "Developing an occupational stress scale for Korean employees", Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 17, pp.297-317, 2005.
  3. K. C. Park, K. J. Lee, J. B. Park, et al., "Association between Occupational Stress and Depression, Anxiety, and Stress Symptoms among White-collar Male Workers in an Automotive Company", Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 20, pp.215-224, 2008.
  4. J. Wang, N. Schmitz, C. dewa, S. Stansfeld. "Changes in perceived job strain and the risk of major depression: Results from a population-based longitudinal study" American Journal of Epidemiology, 169(9), pp.1085-1091, 2009.
  5. R. C. Kessler, W. T. Chiu, A. Demler, et al., "Prevalence, Severity, and Comorbidity of Twelve-month DSM-IV Disorders in the National Comorbidity Survey Replication (NCS-R)", Archives of General Psychiatry, 62, pp. 617-627. 2005.
  6. W. F. Stewart, J. A. Ricci, E. Chee, et al., "Cost of Lost Productive Work Time Among US Workers With Depression", The Journal of the American Medical Association, 289, pp.3135-3144, 2003. DOI:
  7. S. H. Yoon, J. Y. Bae, S. W. Lee, et al., "The Effects of Job Stress on Depression, Drinking and Smoking among Korean Men", Korean Association of Health and Medical Sociology, 19, pp.31-50, 2006.
  8. M. R. Lee. "Relationship between Occupational Stress and Depression of Construction Workers", Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing, 20, pp.279-288, 2011.
  9. B. R. Choi, S. J. Park, S. C. Choi. "The Impact of Married Worker's Work - Family Conflict and Problem Drinking on Depression", The Korean Journal of Industrial and Organizational Psychology, 23, pp.53-74, 2010.
  10. S. Y. Choi. "Relationship between Job Stress and Drinking Behavior and Practice Level of Dietary Guidelines in Male Workers", Unpublished master's thesis, Wonkwang University, Jeonju, 2011.
  11. D. R. Jo. "Workers' Job Stress Status and Related Factors -Using Korean Occupational stress Questionnaire Short Form-", Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing, 15, pp.58-71. 2006.
  12. K. S. Jung. "The Cancer Incidence of Male Workers in A Shipyard", Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Ulsan university, Ulsan, 2009.
  13. Ministry of Employment and Labor. "2012 Industrial accident analysis", Ministry of Employment and Labor, pp.1- 441, 2013.
  14. J. H. Yoo. "Risk Assessment Program in the Shipbuiding Industry", Journal of the KSME, 48(6), pp.66-69, 2008.
  15. W. H. Kim. "The Development of a Checklist for Quantitative Assessment of Risk Factors of Musculoskeletal Complaints in Shipbuilding Workers", Physical Therapy Korea, 16, pp.42-51, 2009.
  16. E. Y. Park, W. H. Kim. "A Path Analysis of Musculoskeletal Diseases and Related Factors in Shipbuilding Workers", Physical Therapy Korea. 15, pp.53-61, 2008.
  17. Y. H. Kim, R. J. Park, W. J. Park, et al., "Predictors of Metabolic Syndrome Among Shipyard Workers and its Prevalence", Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 21, pp.209-217, 2009.
  18. S. D. Kim. "Relationships of Job Stress, Fatigue & Depression among one ship-building Supply Workers", Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society, 15, pp.2789-2796. 2014. DOI:
  19. L. S. Radloff. "The CES-D Scale: A Self-report Depression Scale for Research in the General Population", Applied Psychological Measurement, 1, pp.385-401, 1977.
  20. M. J. Cho, K. H. Kim. "Diagnostic Validity of the CES-D(Korean Version) in the Assessment of DSM-III -R Major Depression", Journal of Korean Neuropsychiatric Association, 32, p.381-399. 1993.
  21. J. B. Saunders, O. G. Aasland, T. F. Babor, et al., "Development of the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification of the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test(AUDIT) : WHO collaborative project on early consumption-II", Addiction, 88, p.791-804. 1993.
  22. B. O. Lee, C. H. Lee, M. J. Choi, et al., "Development of Korean Version of Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test(AUDIT-K): Its Reliability and Validity", Journal of Korean Academy of Addiction Psychiatry, 4, pp.83-92, 2000.
  23. M. K. OH, B. K. Park, et al., "Screening Criteria of Alcoholism by Alcohol use disorders Identification Test(AUDIT) in Korea.", Koran Journal of Family Medicine, 20, pp.1152-1159, 1999.
  24. H. R. Kim, Y. J. Yi, K. J. Lee, et al., "The Effect of Emotional Labor for Job Stress in Bus Drivers", Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing, 23, pp.20-27. 2014.
  25. H. Y. Lim. "Job stress and Depression of Male Industry Workers", Unpublished master's thesis, Ajou University, Suwon, 2007.
  26. S. D. Jo, J. B. Park. "The Relationship between Job Stress and Alcohol-use Disorders among Firemen", Journal of the Korean Society Hazard Mitigation, 12, pp.133-140. 2012.
  27. Ministry of Health & Welfare. "Korea Health Statistics 2012: Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey(KNHANES V-3)", Ministry of Heath & Welfare, 2013.
  28. H. S. Kim, E. Y. Choi, S. M. Kim. "The Relationship between Occupational Stress and Stress Coping Method of Office Workers in Honam Area", Korean Journal of Stress Research, 19, pp.147-154, 2011.
  29. I. S. Jang. "A Study on the Correlation among Occupational Stress, Depression, Health - Related Behavior and Type A Behavior Patterns of Male Workers at a Steel Factory", Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing, 18, pp.153-164, 2009.
  30. M. R. Kabir, M. Al-Amin, M. A. Siddique. "Andropause: The male climacterium", Journal of Teachers Association, 21, pp.87-92. 2008.
  31. Y. J. Son, E. Y. Choi, Y. A. Song. "The Relationship between Stress and Depression in Nursing College Students", Korean Journal of Stress Research, 18, pp.345-351. 2010.
  32. Y. Kaneita, T. Ohida, M. Uchiyama, et al., "The relationship between depression and sleep disturbances: A Japanese nationwide general population survey", Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 67, pp.196-203. 2006.
  33. J. Y. Song. "Perception of and pattern of alcohol consumption and their effects on health-related behavior among college students", Unpublished master's thesis, Sangji University, Wonju, 2008.
  34. T. Hwang, J. Lee, K. Lee, et al., "Drinking and its relationship with smoking among university students", Journal of Agricultural Medicine Community Health, 32, pp.97-105. 2007.
  35. M. S. Heo. "Examining the Association of Poverty Status Transition with the Causal Relationship between Drinking Problem and Depression", Korean Journal of Social Welfare, 65, pp.203-230. 2013.
  36. E. J. Kim, J. Y. Lim. "A Correlational Study of Job Stress, Drinking and Smoking of Local Government Staffs", Journal of East-West Nursing Research, 16, pp.61-69. 2010.
  37. B. A. Kim, S. I. Lee, S. K. Kim, et al., "The Role of Job Stress and Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor Gene Polymorphism on the Severity of Alcohol Drinking in Korean Office Workers in Their Twenties", Korean Journal of Biological Psychiatry, 19, pp.91-98. 2012.

Cited by

  1. The Effects of a Father's Occupational Stress and Rearing Attitude on Rearing Participation vol.22, pp.4, 2016,