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Report on 24 unrecorded bacterial species of Korea belonging to the phylum Firmicutes

  • Han, Ji-Hye (Department of Microbiology and Molecular Biology, Chungnam National University) ;
  • Joung, Yochan (Department of Microbiology and Molecular Biology, Chungnam National University) ;
  • Kim, Tae-Su (Department of Microbiology and Molecular Biology, Chungnam National University) ;
  • Bae, Jin-Woo (Department of Biology, Kyung Hee University) ;
  • Cha, Chang-Jun (Department of Biotechnology, Chung-Ang University) ;
  • Chun, Jongsik (School of Biological Sciences, Seoul National University) ;
  • Im, Wan-Taek (Department of Biotechnology, Hankyong National University) ;
  • Jahng, Kwang Yeop (Department of Life Sciences, Chonbuk National University) ;
  • Jeon, Che Ok (Department of Life Science, Chung-Ang University) ;
  • Joh, Kiseong (Department of Bioscience and Biotechnology, Hankuk University of Foreign Studies) ;
  • Seong, Chi Nam (Department of Biology, Sunchon National University) ;
  • Yoon, Jung-Hoon (Department of Food Science and Biotechnology, Sungkyunkwan University) ;
  • Cho, Jang-Cheon (Department of Biological Sciences, Inha University) ;
  • Kim, Seung Bum (Department of Microbiology and Molecular Biology, Chungnam National University)
  • Received : 2015.05.21
  • Accepted : 2015.07.27
  • Published : 2015.08.30

Abstract

As an outcome of the study on the bacterial species diversity in Korea, we report 24 unrecorded bacterial species of Korea belonging to the phylum Firmicutes. The unrecorded species excavated through this study were assigned to 12 different genera of 7 families, namely Bacillus, Halobacillus, Lysinibacillus and Thalassobacillus of Bacillaceae, Brevibacillus and Paenibacillus of Paenibacillaceae, Viridibacillus of Planococcaceae, Salinicoccus and Staphylococcus of Staphylococcaceae, Enterococcus of Enterococcaceae, Lactobacillus of Lactobacillaceae, and Lactococcus of Streptococcaceae, respectively. The bacterial isolates were obtained from various ecosystems in Korea. The isolates were identified based on 16S rRNA gene sequences, and those exhibiting at least 99% sequence similarity with known bacterial species but never reported in Korea were selected as unrecorded species. The selected isolates were subjected to further taxonomic characterization including the analysis of cell shape and fine structure using electron microscope, colony color and shapes, enzyme activities and carbon source utilization. The descriptive information on the 24 unrecorded species are provided.

Acknowledgement

Supported by : National Institute of Biological Resources

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