- Volume 16 Issue 12
DOI QR Code
Increasing Incidence of Colorectal Cancer, Starting at a Younger Age for Rectal Compared to Colon Cancer in Brunei Darussalam
- Chong, Vui Heng (Department of Medicine, Raja Isteri Pengiran Anak Saleha (RIPAS) Hospital) ;
- Telisinghe, Pemasari Upali (Department of Pathology, Raja Isteri Pengiran Anak Saleha (RIPAS) Hospital) ;
- Bickle, Ian (Department of Surgery, Raja Isteri Pengiran Anak Saleha (RIPAS) Hospital) ;
- Abdullah, Muhamad Syafiq (Department of Medicine, Raja Isteri Pengiran Anak Saleha (RIPAS) Hospital) ;
- Lim, Ediwn (Department of Pathology, Raja Isteri Pengiran Anak Saleha (RIPAS) Hospital) ;
- Chong, Chee Fui (Department of Surgery, Raja Isteri Pengiran Anak Saleha (RIPAS) Hospital)
- Published : 2015.07.13
Background: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the most common gastrointestinal malignancy and is a significant cause of mortality. Its incidence is generally increasing in Asia. Reports from the West have indicated that the incidence of rectal cancer is increasing in the younger population. This study assessed the time trend of CRC in Brunei Darussalam specifically assessing the different age groups at which the incidences start to increase. Materials and Methods: The National Cancer registry was reviewed (1991 to 2014). The age standardized rate (ASR) and the age specific incidence rates (ASIRs) for three time periods (1991-1998), (1999-2006) and (2007-2014) were calculated. Results: The mean age of diagnosis was
- Akbar A, Bhatti AB, Khattak S, et al (2014). Outcome of rectal cancer in patients aged 30 years or less in the Pakistani population. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev, 15, 6339-42. https://doi.org/10.7314/APJCP.2014.15.15.6339
- Austin H, Jane Henley S, King J, Richardson LC, Eheman C (2014). Changes in colorectal cancer incidence rates in young and older adults in the United States: what does it tell us about screening. Cancer Causes Control, 25, 191-201. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10552-013-0321-y
- Bailey CE, Hu CY, You YN (2015). Increasing disparities in the age-related incidences of colon and rectal cancers in the United States, 1975-2010. JAMA Surg, 150, 17-22. https://doi.org/10.1001/jamasurg.2014.1756
- Cai B, Wang MY, Liao K, et al (2014). Distribution characteristics of 3,369 Chinese colorectal cancer patients for gender, age, location and tumor size during colonoscopy. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev, 15, 8951-5. https://doi.org/10.7314/APJCP.2014.15.20.8951
- Chong VH, Abdullah MS, Telisinghe PU, Jalihal A (2009). Colorectal cancer: incidence and trend in Brunei Darussalam. Singapore Med J, 50, 1085-9.
- Chong VH, Bakar S, Sia R, et al (2013). Colorectal cancer screening among government servants in Brunei Darussalam. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev, 14, 7657-61. https://doi.org/10.7314/APJCP.2013.14.12.7657
- Elsamany SA, Alzahrani AS, Mohamed MM (2014). Clinico-pathological patterns and survival outcome of colorectal cancer in young patients: western Saudi Arabia experience. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev, 15, 5239-43. https://doi.org/10.7314/APJCP.2014.15.13.5239
- International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC). GLOBOCAN 2012. www.globocan.iarc.fr/ (accessed 15th April 2014).
- Koh KS, Telisinghe PU, Bickle I, et al (2015). Characteristics of young colorectal cancer in Brunei Darussalam: Epidemiologic study over 30 years. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev [Epub ahead of print].
- Levin B, Lieberman DA, McFarland B, et al (2008). Screening and surveillance for the early detection of colorectal cancer and adenomatous polyps, 2008: a joint guideline from the American cancer society, the US multi-society task force on colorectal cancer, and the American college of radiology. Gastroenterology, 134, 1570-95. https://doi.org/10.1053/j.gastro.2008.02.002
- Lim KG (2014). A review of colorectal cancer research in Malaysia. Med J Malaysia, 69, 23-32.
- Magaji BA, Moy FM, Roslani AC, Law CW (2014). Descriptive epidemiology of colorectal cancer in University Malaya Medical Centre, 2001 to 2010. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev, 15, 6059-64. https://doi.org/10.7314/APJCP.2014.15.15.6059
- Minami Y, Nishino Y, Tsubono Y, Tsuji I, Hisamichi S (2006). Increase of colon and rectal cancer incidence rates in Japan: trends in incidence rates in Miyagi Prefecture, 1959-1997. J Epidemiol, 16, 240-8. https://doi.org/10.2188/jea.16.240
- Nooyi SC, Murthy NS, Shivananjaiah S, Sreekantaiah P, Mathew A (2011). Trends in rectal cancer incidence-Indian scenario. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev, 12, 2001-6.
- O'Connell JB, Maggard MA, Liu JH, et al (2003). Rates of colon and rectal cancers are increasing in young adults. Am Surg, 69, 866-72.
- Sung JJ, Ng SC, Chan FK, et al (2015). An updated Asia Pacific Consensus Recommendations on colorectal cancer screening. Gut, 64, 121-32. https://doi.org/10.1136/gutjnl-2013-306503
- Yee YK, Gu Q, Hung I, Tan VP, et al (2010). Trend of colorectal cancer in Hong Kong: 1983-2006. J Gastroenterol Hepatol, 25, 923-7. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1440-1746.2009.06130.x
- Yeo SA, Chew MH, Koh PK, Tang CL (2013). Young colorectal carcinoma patients do not have a poorer prognosis: a comparative review of 2,426 cases. Tech Coloproctol, 17, 653-61. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10151-013-0977-z
- Zheng ZX, Zheng RS, Zhang SW, Chen WQ (2014). Colorectal cancer incidence and mortality in China, 2010. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev, 15, 8455-60. https://doi.org/10.7314/APJCP.2014.15.19.8455