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Knowledge, Attitude and Practice Concerning Human Papilloma Virus Infection and its Health Effects among Rural Women, Karnataka, South India

  • Sabeena, Sasidharanpillai (Department of Virus Research, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal University) ;
  • Bhat, Parvati V (Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Dr TMA Pai Hospital, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal University) ;
  • Kamath, Veena (Department of Community Medicine, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal University) ;
  • Aswathyraj, Sushama (Department of Virus Research, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal University) ;
  • Arunkumar, Govindakarnavar (Department of Virus Research, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal University)
  • Published : 2015.07.13

Abstract

Background: Cervical cancer is one of the commonest cancers among women all over the world. The association of cervical cancer with human papilloma virus (HPV) is well established. Knowledge about the causal relationship between HPV and cervical cancer is important to make appropriate, evidence-based health care choices. In this context we conducted a community based study among women about the knowledge, attitude and practice about HPV infections and their health effects. Materials and Methods: A cross sectional interview based house to house survey was conducted with a validated data collection tool covering sociodemographic factors, knowledge, attitude and practice about HPV and its health effects, among 1020 women from a rural village, Perdoor, in Udupi district, Karnataka, India in 2013-14. Results: The mean age of participants was 38.9 years (SD=12.6). Study participants showed a high literacy rate (85.7%). Only 2.4% of sexually exposed women had undergone Pap smear testing. Partners of 4.4%women had undergone circumcision and they belonged to the Muslim community. Male condom usage was reported by 26 women (2.6%). However, none of the participants had heard of HPV and its health effects. Conclusions: This community based study found complete ignorance about HPV among rural South Indian women in spite of a high literacy level.

Keywords

Community study;human papilloma virus;knowledge;practice;India

Acknowledgement

Supported by : ICMR

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