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Changing Trends of Types of Skin Cancer in Iran

  • Razi, Saeid (Reproductive Biotechnology Research Center, Avicenna Research Institute, Academic Center for Education, Culture and Research (ACECR)) ;
  • Rafiemanesh, Hosein (Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Tehran University of medical sciences) ;
  • Ghoncheh, Mahshid (Department of Epidemiology & Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences) ;
  • Khani, Yousef (Alborz University of Medical Sciences) ;
  • Salehiniya, Hamid (Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Tehran University of medical sciences)
  • Published : 2015.07.13

Abstract

Background: Skin cancer is the most common type of cancer worldwide. It has an increasing trend. This study investigated the epidemiological trend and morphological changes in skin cancer in Iran. Materials and Methods: This study was done using existing data, extracted from the National Cancer Registry System and the Disease Management Center of Iranian Ministry of Health between 2003 and 2008. Data on epidemiologic trend was analyzed using Joinpoint software package. Results: The incidence of skin cancer is increasing in Iran, and more in men than women. There was a declining trend for basal cell carcinoma. Basal squamous cell carcinoma and melanoma had an increasing trend. The increase of skin cancer was related to squamous cell carcinoma. Conclusions: Our findings indicated that the increase of skin cancer was attributed to squamous cell carcinoma. It is necessary to be planning for the control and prevention of this disease as a priority for health policy makers.

Keywords

Skin cancer;trend;morphology;incidence;Iran

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