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Vietnamese Health Care Providers' Preferences Regarding Recommendation of HPV Vaccines

  • Asiedu, Gladys B (Department of Health Sciences Research, Division of Health Care Policy and Research, Mayo Clinic) ;
  • Breitkopf, Carmen Radecki (Department of Health Sciences Research, Division of Health Care Policy and Research, Mayo Clinic) ;
  • Kremers, Walter K (Department of Health Sciences Research, Division of Biomedical Statistics and Informatics, Mayo Clinic) ;
  • Ngo, Quang V (Da Nang Center for Reproductive Health) ;
  • Nguyen, Nguyen V (Department of Radiology, Jackson Memorial Hospital/University of Miami) ;
  • Barenberg, Benjamin J (Female Pelvic Medicine and Reconstructive Surgery, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center) ;
  • Tran, Vinh D (Da Nang Hospital for Women and Children) ;
  • Dinh, Tri A (Department of Gynecologic Oncology & Gynecologic Surgery, Mayo Clinic)
  • Published : 2015.07.13

Abstract

Physician recommendation is an important predictor of HPV vaccine acceptance; however, physician willingness and preferences regarding HPV vaccination may be influenced by factors including patient age, vaccine type, and cost. A cross-sectional survey was administered to a convenience sample of health care providers in Da Nang, Vietnam, to evaluate awareness, perceptions about HPV and HPV vaccines, and willingness to vaccinate a female patient. Willingness to vaccinate was evaluated using a full-factorial presentation of scenarios featuring the following factors: vaccine cost (free vs 1,000,000 VND), patient age (12, 16, or 22 years), and HPV vaccine type (bivalent vs quadrivalent). Responses from 244 providers were analyzed; providers had a mean age of $34{\pm}11.9$ years; a majority were female, married, and had children of their own. Thirty-six percent specialized in obstetrics/gynecology and 24% were providers in family medicine. Of the three factors considered in conjoint analysis, vaccine cost was the most important factor in willingness to vaccinate, followed by patient age, and vaccine type. The most favorable scenario for vaccinating a female patient was when the vaccine was free, the patient was 22 years of age, and the HPV4 vaccine was described. In multivariable analysis, older age, being a physician, being married, and having children were all associated with increased willingness to recommend HPV vaccination (p<0.05). Provider willingness is an important aspect of successful HPV vaccination programs; identifying preferences and biases in recommendation patterns will highlight potential areas for education and intervention.

Keywords

Cervical cancer prevention;conjoint analysis;human papillomavirus vaccine;provider preferences

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