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Over Expression of BCL2 and Low Expression of Caspase 8 Related to TRAIL Resistance in Brain Cancer Stem Cells

  • Qi, Ling (Department of Pathology, Jilin Medical College) ;
  • Ren, Kuang (Department of Pharmacology, Jilin Medical College) ;
  • Fang, Fang (Department of Immunology, Jilin Medical College) ;
  • Zhao, Dong-Hai (Department of Pathology, Jilin Medical College) ;
  • Yang, Ning-Jiang (Department of Pathology, Jilin Medical College) ;
  • Li, Yan (Department of Immunology, Jilin Medical College)
  • Published : 2015.07.13

Abstract

Tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) has been investigated as an effective agent to treat various cancers. Cancer stem cells are resistant to TRAIL treatment, but the mechanism of TRAIL resistance remains unknown. In this study, brain cancer stem cells were isolated by CD133 magnetic sorting, and the number of CD133 positive cells detected by flow cytometry. The self-renewing capacity of brain cancer stem cells was examined by a neurosphere formation assay, and the percentage of cell death after TRAIL treatment was examined by an MTS assay. Expression of DR5, FADD, caspase 8 and BCL2 proteins was detected by western blot. The amount of CD133 positive cells was enriched to 71% after CD133 magnetic sorting. Brain cancer stem cell neurosphere formation was significantly increased after TRAIL treatment. TRAIL treatment also reduced the amount of viable cells and this decrease was inhibited by a caspase 8 inhibitor or by the pan-caspase inhibitor z-VAD (P<0.05). Brain cancer stem cells expressed lower levels caspase 8 protein and higher levels of BCL2 protein when compared with CD133 negative cells (P<0.05). Our data suggest that TRAIL resistance is related to overexpression of BCL2 and low expression of caspase 8 which limit activation of caspase 8 in brain cancer stem cells.

Keywords

Brain cancer stem cells;TRAIL;caspase 8;BCL2

Acknowledgement

Supported by : National Natural Science Foundation of China

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