DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

Impacts of Wellness Components on Individuals' Wellness Status for Wellness Convergence Systems

웰니스 구성요소에 대한 융복합적 검증 웰니스 구성요소가 웰니스 상태에 미치는 영향

  • Received : 2015.04.29
  • Accepted : 2015.07.20
  • Published : 2015.07.28

Abstract

Today, individuals' psychological attitude toward health has been changed from passive to active and dynamic way of thinking. This trend has made attention to wellness more interesting. However, prior studies regarding wellness have been limited in developing indices to measure status of individuals' wellness. Thus, this study adopts five major components of wellness, including physical, emotional, intellectual, social, and occupational wellness in order to examine their effects on individuals' wellness state. The data from 494 employee at various organizations were analyzed to test proposed hypotheses. The results reveal that five components of wellness have a significant influence on wellness status. Based on the findings, academic and practical implications for wellness convergence systems are discussed.

Keywords

Wellness;Convergence;Components of Wellness;Status of Wellness

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 산업통상자원부

References

  1. Myers, J. E., Sweeney, T. J., & Witmer, M., A holistic model of wellness, Retrieved from. www.mindgarden.com/products/wells.htm, 2005
  2. Rickhi, B., & Aung, S., Wellness is state of mind, body and spirit. Complementary and Alternative Health Affiliate of the Canadian Health Network, 2006.
  3. Ardell, D., What is wellness? Ardell Wellness Report(69th ed.), Winter, p.1, 2005.
  4. Adams, T. The power of perceptions: Measuring wellness in a globally acceptable, philosophically consistent way. Wellness Management, 2003.
  5. Dunn, H. L., High-level wellness. Thorofare: NJ: Charles B. Slack, 1977.
  6. Larson, J. S., The conceptualization of health. Medical Care Research and Review, Vol. 56, pp. 123-136, 1999. https://doi.org/10.1177/107755879905600201
  7. Miller, G., & Foster, L. T., Critical synthesis of wellness literature, University of Victoria, 2010.
  8. Diener, E., Wirtz, D., Biswas-Diener, R., Tov, W., Kim-Prieto, C., Choi, D., & Oishi, S., New measures of well-being: Flourishing and positive and negative feelings. In E. Diener (ed.). Assessing Well-Being: The Collected Works of Ed Diener, Social Indicators Research Series 39, 2009.
  9. OECD, OECD guidelines on measuring subjective well-being. OECD Publishing, 2013.
  10. Veenhoven, R., Measures of gross national happiness, Is happiness measurable and what do those measures mean for policy? International OECD Conference Rome, 2-3 April 2007.
  11. Cummins, R., Woerner, J., Gibson, A., Lai, L., Weinberg, M., & Collard, J., Australian Unity Wellbeing Index Survey 19 The School of Psychology and The Australian Centre on Quality of Life, Deakin University; and Australian Unity Limited, 2009.
  12. Choi, M-J., Lee, D-H., & Ahn, H-S., A study on relationship between wellness, subjective happiness and quality of life of salaried persons, Journal of Digital Convergence, Vol. 12, No. 11, pp. 597-606, 2014.
  13. Depken, D., Wellness through the lens of gender: A paradigm shift. Wellness Perspectives: Research, Theory, and Practice, Vol. 70, pp. 54-69, 1994.
  14. Greenberg, J. S., Health and wellness: A conceptual differentiation. Journal of School Health, Vol. 55, pp. 403-406, 1985. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1746-1561.1985.tb01164.x
  15. Adams, T., Bezner, J., & Steinhardt, M. The conceptualization and measurement of perceived wellness: Integrating balance across and within dimensions. Journal of Health Promotion, Vo. 11, No. 3, 208-218, 1997. https://doi.org/10.4278/0890-1171-11.3.208
  16. Anspaugh, D. J., Personal wellness assessments and lifestyle change. Journal of Health Education, Vol. 26, No. 3, pp. 188-189, 1995. https://doi.org/10.1080/10556699.1995.10603095
  17. Travis, J. W., & Ryan, R. S., Wellness workbook (3rd ed.). Berkeley: Ten Speed Press, 2004.
  18. Cooper, K. H., An aerobics conditioning program for the Fort Worth, Texas, School District. Research Quarterly, Vol. 46, No. 3, pp. 345-350, 1975.
  19. Cooper, K. H., The aerobics way. New York: Evans, 1977.
  20. Ryan, R. M., & Deci, E. L., On happiness and human potentials: A review of research on hedonic and eudaimonic well-being. Annual Review of Psychology, Vol. 52, pp. 141-166, 2001. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.psych.52.1.141
  21. Case, A. & Paxson, C., Children''s health and social mobility. The Future of Children. Vol. 16, No. 2, pp. 151-173, 2006. https://doi.org/10.1353/foc.2006.0014
  22. Hatfield, T., & Hatfield, S.R., As if your life depended on it: Promoting cognitive development to promote wellness. Journal of Counseling and Development. Vol. 71, pp. 164-167, 1992. https://doi.org/10.1002/j.1556-6676.1992.tb02192.x
  23. Renger, R. F., Midyett, S. J., Mas, F. G., Erin, T. E., McDermott, H. M., Papernfuss, R. L., Eichling, P. S., Baker, D. H., Johnson, K. A., & Hewitt, M. J., Optimal iving rofile: An inventory to assess health and wellness. American Journal of Health Promotion, Vol. 24, No. 6, pp. 403-412, 2000.
  24. Anspaugh, D., Hamrick, M., & Rosato, F., Wellness: Concepts and applications(6thed.). Boston: McGrawHill, 2004.
  25. Durlak, J., Health promotion as a strategy in primary prevention. In D. Cicchetti, J. Rappaport, I. Sandler, & R. Weissberg (Eds.), The promotion of wellness in children and adolescents (pp. 221--241). Washington, DC: Child Welfare League Association Press, 2000.
  26. Crose, R., Nicholas, D. R., Gobble, D. C., & Frank, B., Gender and wellness: A multidimensional systems model for counseling. Journal of Counseling and Development, Vol. 77, pp. 149-156, 1992.
  27. Ryff, C. D., & Singer, B. H., Best news yet on the six-factor model of well-being. Social Science Research, Vol. 35, pp. 1103-1119, 2006. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssresearch.2006.01.002
  28. Helliwell, J. F., Well-being, social capital and public policy: What''s New? National Bureau of Economic Research, Cambridge: MA, 2005.
  29. Seligman, M. E. P., & Csikszentmihalyi, M., Positive psychology: An introduction. American Psychologist, Vol. 55, No. 1, pp. 5-14, 2000. https://doi.org/10.1037/0003-066X.55.1.5
  30. May, D. Determinants of well-being. 1-7. Memorial University of Newfoundland and Newfoundland and Labrador Statistics Agency, 2007.
  31. Leafgren, F. Being a man can be hazardous to your health: Life-styles issues. In D. Moore & F. Leafgren (Eds.), Problem solving strategies and interventions for men in conflict (pp. 265-311). Alexandria: American Association for Counseling and Development, 1990.
  32. Kim, S-K. Development of lifestyle assessment inventory for wellness of Korean adults. Korean Journal of Physical Education, Vol. 39, No.4, pp. 963-982, 2000.
  33. Tabachnick, B.G., & Fidell, L.S. Using Multivariate Statistics.NY: HarperCollins, 1996.
  34. Williams, B., Brown, T., & Onsman, A. Exploratory factor analysis: A five-step guide for novices. Journal of Emergency Primary health Care, Vol. 8, No. 3, pp. 1-13, 2012.
  35. Kim, M-S., & Han, Y-S. The development of happiness index for Korean, Survey Research, Vol. 7, No. 2, pp.1-38, 2006.
  36. Ware, J. E., Jr., Kosinski, M., Bjorner, J. B., Turner-Bowker, D. M., Gandek, B., & Maruish, M. E., SF-36v2 Health Survey: Administration guide for clinical trial investigators. Lincoln, RI: QualityMetric Incorporated, 2009.
  37. Witmer, J. M., & Sweeney, T. J., A holistic model for wellness and prevention over the life span. Journal of Counseling and Development, Vol. 71, pp. 140-148, 1992. https://doi.org/10.1002/j.1556-6676.1992.tb02189.x
  38. Fornell, C., & Larcker, D.F. Evaluating structural equation models with unobservable variables and measurement error. Journal of Marketing Research, Vol. 18, No.1, pp. 39-50, 1981. https://doi.org/10.2307/3151312
  39. Carmines, E. G., & Richard A. Zeller, R. A. Reliability and Validity Assessment. Newbury Park, CA: Sage Publications, 1979.