Patent Citation Network Analysis as a Measure of Technical Knowledge Diffusion in Korea: Focusing on ICT

특허 인용 네트워크 분석을 통한 기술지식의 확산 경로 분석: 정보통신기술을 중심으로

  • Received : 2015.01.21
  • Accepted : 2015.02.25
  • Published : 2015.02.28

Abstract

Technology convergence, recently accelerated in various technical fields, can be achieved by discovering a new technology while exchanging the knowledge among the different technologies and utilizing such knowledge into the existing fields of technology. In particular, technology convergence actively occurs in knowledge-intensive ICT. However, limited research is available on the routes of ICT technical knowledge diffusion because of insufficient data. Therefore, this study built a database on the citations of patent data applied from 2006 to 2013 in Korea and their cited patents. We drew a patent citation network, a technology citation network and an applicant citation network, after which we analyzed the routes of technical knowledge diffusion. Results showed that ICT played a leading role in knowledge citation among technologies and that such diffusion took a shorter time in technology citation when it occurred more frequently and when the citation occurred between ICTs. In addition, most of the ICT showed a strong citation relationship with the other ICTs or such technologies in the field of physics or electricity, whereas electric elements (H01) showed various citation relationships with technologies other than ICT. Furthermore, we found a strong technology diffusion relationship between domestic corporations and domestic natural persons. National organizations often cited the patents of other applicants, whereas the patents of domestic corporations were actively cited between domestic corporations or by other applicants. Thus, this study is expected to be useful in measuring the performance of technologies, including the diffusion to other technologies. As well as in considering the routes of technical knowledge diffusion in Korea.