LCCA and LCA to Evaluate Feasibility for Introducing High-Efficiency Motors into Air Ventilation Systems of Public Facilities

고효율 전동기를 다중이용시설 환기설비에 도입하기 위한 LCCA 및 LCA 분석

  • Quan, Junlong (Department of Architectural Engineering, Hanyang University) ;
  • Choi, Sooho (Department of Architectural Engineering, Hanyang University) ;
  • Kwon, Taehwan (Department of Architectural Engineering, Hanyang University) ;
  • Choi, Hyemi (Department of Architectural Engineering, Hanyang University) ;
  • Kim, Juhyung (Department of Architectural Engineering, Hanyang University) ;
  • Kim, Jaejun (Department of Architectural Engineering, Hanyang University)
  • Received : 2015.03.06
  • Accepted : 2015.05.20
  • Published : 2015.07.31


The amount of energy consumed in air ventilation systems of public facilities accounts for 40% of their total energy consumption. To reduce their energy consumption, applying variable speed operation controlled by an inverter with a high-efficiency motor is suggested. Since these methods require higher initial investment costs compared to the existing systems, economic evaluation should be conducted from a long-term perspective. While LCCA(Life Cycle Cost Analysis) model is useful to estimate net savings of alternatives that differs with respect to initial costs and operating costs, the environmental burdens are not considered. On the contrary LCA(Life Cycle Assesment) model is suitable to assess environmental impacts associated with the stages of a product's life but it does not consider costs. In this study, the high-efficient motors are introduced into the air ventilation system of a subway station and a comprehensive analysis on the economic and environmental impacts of the proposed method is conducted by using LCCA and LCA model.

다중이용시설의 환기부문 에너지소비량이 전체 에너지소비에서 차지하는 비중은 약40%로서 상당히 크다. 환기설비분야의 에너지절약방안으로는 주동력원이자 주요에너지소비원인 전동기를 고효율 제품으로 교체하거나 인버터를 이용한 가변운전을 통하여 에너지를 절감시키는 방안이 있다. 그러나 이런 방안들을 도입하기 위해서는 기존설비보다 높은 초기투자비가 필요하므로 장기적인 관점에서의 경제성평가가 요구된다. 경제성평가 방법으로 생애주기동안 지출되는 모든 비용을 예측하는 LCCA(Life Cycle Cost Analysis)가 적절하지만 LCCA는 분석내용이 단순 비용절감측면에 치중되어 있어, 환경영향을 고려하지 못하는 한계가 있다. 환경영향을 분석하기 위한 방법으로 LCA(Life Cycle Assessment)있지만 이는 주로 건축물에만 사용되어왔고 또한 환경적인 측면만 치중하여 경제적은 측면을 고려하지 못하는 한계가 있다. 이에 본 연구에서는 LCCA 및 LCA를 이용해 경제적 측면 및 환경적 영향을 종합적으로 분석하여 다중이용시설 환기설비에 고효율 전동기 도입의 타당성 검토를 진행하고자 한다.



Supported by : 국토교통부


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