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Navigation Trajectory Control of Security Robots to Restrict Access to Potential Falling Accident Areas for the Elderly

노약자의 낙상가능지역 진입방지를 위한 보안로봇의 주행경로제어

  • Jin, Taeseok (Dept. of Mechatronics Engineering, Dongseo University)
  • 진태석 (동서대학교 메카트로닉스공학과)
  • Received : 2015.02.15
  • Accepted : 2015.03.15
  • Published : 2015.06.01

Abstract

One of the goals in the field of mobile robotics is the development of personal service robots for the elderly which behave in populated environments. In this paper, we describe a security robot system and ongoing research results that minimize the risk of the elderly and the infirm to access an area to enter restricted areas with high potential for falls, such as stairs, steps, and wet floors. The proposed robot system surveys a potential falling area with an equipped laser scanner sensor. When it detects walking in elderly or infirm patients who in restricted areas, the robot calculates the velocity vector, plans its own path to forestall the patient in order to prevent them from heading to the restricted area and starts to move along the estimated trajectory. The walking human is assumed to be a point-object and projected onto a scanning plane to form a geometrical constraint equation that provides position data of the human based on the kinematics of the mobile robot. While moving, the robot continues these processes in order to adapt to the changing situation. After arriving at an opposite position to the human's walking direction, the robot advises them to change course. The simulation and experimental results of estimating and tracking of the human in the wrong direction with the mobile robot are presented.

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 동서대학교

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