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Determination of Bioactive Compounds and Antioxidant Activity of Yam (Dioscorea batatas DECNE.) on Thermal Treatment

  • Duan, Yishan (Department of Food Science and Technology, Pusan National University) ;
  • Kim, Gyeong-Hwuii (Department of Biomaterials Science and Engineering, Yonsei University) ;
  • Kim, Han-Soo (Department of Food Science and Technology, Pusan National University)
  • Received : 2015.05.31
  • Accepted : 2015.06.15
  • Published : 2015.06.30

Abstract

To better investigate the antioxidative property of thermal treatment yam (Dioscorea batatas DECNE.) in Korea, some established methods were used. 70% Methanol, 70% ethanol and chloroform-methanol (CM, 2:1, v/v) extracts were collected. 70% Methanol extract exhibited stronger antioxidative activity evaluated by ferrous ion chelating activity, NO radical scavenging activity and ${\beta}$-carotene bleaching assays. On the contrary, CM extract was the most effective in inhibiting linoleic acid peroxidation. Yam available in Korea was also analyzed for its bioactive compounds such as lycopene, chlorophyll a, b, tannin, phytic acid and total saponin contents. Total saponin was abundant in thermal treatment, which determined to be $42.52{\pm}1.88mg/g$. Based on the results obtained from this study, thermal treatment yam could be used as natural antioxidant source due to its high antioxidant activity and bioactive compound contents.

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