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Effects of Schroth 3-Dimensional Exercise on Cubb's Angle, Abdominal Endurance, Flexibility and Balance in Adolescents with Idiopathic Scoliosis

특발성 측만증 청소년의 Schroth 3차원 운동이 콥스각과 복부근지구력 및 유연성, 평형성에 미치는 영향

  • Received : 2015.04.14
  • Accepted : 2015.06.11
  • Published : 2015.06.30

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of 8-week schroth 3-dimensional exercise and ball-sling complex exercise treatment on cobb's angle, abdominal muscle endurance, flexibility and balance in adolescents with idiopathic scoliosis. Thirty subjects with scoliosis were random assignment into one of two experimental groups, either schroth treatment(n=15) or ball-sling complex exercise treatment(n=15). Exercise program was to perform for 8-week and 90min and 3 times per week. The results of this study were as follows; First, cobb's angle was significantly decreased after 8-weeks in schroth treatment(p<.001). And also abdominal muscle endurance(p<.05), flexibility(p<.001) and balance(p<.001) were significantly improve in pre vs. post treatment. Second, the ratio of cobb's angle change was significantly higher in schroth treatment compared to ball-sling complex exercise treatment following 8-weeks(p<.05). These results suggest that although both the schroth treatment and bal-sling complex exercise treatment in adolescents with idiopathic scoliosis can improve on cobb's angle, abdominal muscle endurance, flexibility and balance, but schroth treatment was better than ball-sling complex exercise treatment improving effect of cobb's angle. Therefore, we consider that schroth treatment has more effect of prevention and therapy in idiopathic scoliosis in adolescents.

Keywords

Ball exercise;Cobb's angle;Idiopathic scoliosis;Schroth;Sling exercise

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