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Effects of Self Efficacy, Body Image and Family Support on Postpartum Depression in Early Postpartum Mothers

산욕초기 산모의 산후우울에 자기효능감, 신체상, 가족지지가 미치는 영향

  • Lee, Ji-Won (Department of Nursing, Catholic University of Pusan) ;
  • Eo, Yong-Sook (Department of Nursing, Dongeui University) ;
  • Moon, Eun-Hye (Department of Nursing, Good MoonHwa Hospital)
  • 이지원 (부산가톨릭대학교 간호학과) ;
  • 어용숙 (동의대학교 간호학과) ;
  • 문은혜 (좋은문화병원 간호부)
  • Received : 2015.03.17
  • Accepted : 2015.06.11
  • Published : 2015.06.30

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to determine the self efficacy, body image and family support affect on postpartum depression in early postpartum mothers. The data was collected 306 mothers on the first week after delivery from one hospital located in B city. The instruments were a survey of general characteristics, obstetrical characteristics, the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale(EPDS), self-efficacy, body image and family support. Data was analysed using descriptive statistics, Pearson correlation coefficients, and stepwise multiple regression. The results revealed that the average item score of the EPDS was 6.09. The significant predictors of postpartum depression were body image, emotional state in pregnancy, and family support. These variables had a 38.4% explainability. The results indicate that the postpartum mothers should be screened for postpartum depression early in the postpartum period and it's necessary to implement nursing intervention focused on to enhance the body image and family support, especially the weak emotional state mothers in pregnancy.

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