DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

Dominance and Distribution of Weed Occurrence on Hot Pepper, Soybean, Maize, and Chinese Cabbage Fields of Gyeongbuk Province

경북지역 고추, 콩, 옥수수, 배추밭의 잡초종 발생 분포와 우점 양상

  • Received : 2015.05.18
  • Accepted : 2015.06.08
  • Published : 2015.06.30

Abstract

In this study, we surveyed the distribution pattern and dominance of weeds occurred in four summer crop fields, hot pepper, soybean, maize, and Chinese cabbage in Gyeongbuk province. The weeds were summarized as 32 family and 132 species in hot pepper field, 31 family and 116 species in soybean field, 37 family 134 species in maize field, finally 35 family and 170 species in Chinese cabbage field. Among these weeds occurred in the four summer crop fields, the compositae was commonly dominant family, it occupied 17.4% in hot pepper field, 18.1% in soybean field, 11.9% in maize field, and 16.5% in Chinese cabbage field. The major five families including compositatae, graminae, polygonaceae, convolvulaceae and cruciferae were occupied 43.2% in hot pepper field, 47.4% in soybean field, 42.5% in maize field, and 43.5% in Chinese cabbage field, respectively. Furthermore, the most dominant weed in the hot pepper, soybean, maize, and Chinese cabbage fields was Portulaca oleracea, Digitaria ciliaris, and Rorippa palustris, respectively. This information could be useful for estimation of future weed occurrence, weed population dynamics and establishment of weed control methods in food crop fields of Gyeongbuk province.

Keywords

Chinese cabbage;Hot pepper;Maize;Soybean

References

  1. Braun-Blanquet, J. 1964. Pflanzensoziologie, grundzfige der vegetationskunde. 3rd ed Springer, Wien-New York. p. 865.
  2. Chang, Y.H., Kim, C.S. and Youn, K.B. 1990. Weed occurrence in upland crop fields of Korea. J. Weed Sci. 19(4):294-304. (In Korean)
  3. Hwang, K.S., Won, O.J., Park, S.H., Eom, M.Y., Suh, S.J., et al. 2013. A survey of weeds occurrence on paddy fields in Chungnam Province in Korea. Weed Turf. Sci. 2(4):341-347. (In Korean) https://doi.org/10.5660/WTS.2013.2.4.341
  4. JanzkoviE, F. and Novak, T. 2012. PCAA method for analyze ecological niches. p. 127.
  5. Kim, D.S. and Park, S.H. 2009. Weed of Korea second edition revised and enlarged. Rijeon Agricultural Resources Publications. Seoul, Korea.
  6. KNA (Korea National Arboretum). 2007. A synonymic list of vascular plants in Korea. Pochen, Gyeonggi-do, Korea.
  7. Lee, I.Y., Kim, C.S., Lee, J.R., Kim, J.H. and Kim, K.H. 2014. The occurrence of weed species in cultivated Ligularia ficheri fields. Weed Turf. Sci. 3(2):95-101. (In Korean) https://doi.org/10.5660/WTS.2014.3.2.95
  8. Lee, I.Y., Park, J.E., Park, T.S., Lim, S.T. and Moon, B.C. 2001. Factfinding survey on paddy, upland and orchard herbicides use at farmer's level. Kor. J. Weed Sci. 21(1):58-64. (In Korean)
  9. Lee, I.Y., Park, J.E., Kim, C.S., Oh, S.M. and Kang, C.K. 2007. Characteristics of weed flora in arable land of Korea. Kor. J. Weed Sci. 27(1):1-21. (In Korean)
  10. Oh, Y.J., Lee, H.K., Kim, C.S. and Ham, Y.S. 1981. Distribution of weed population in the paddy field in Korea. Kor. J. Weed Sci. 1(1):21-29. (In Korean)
  11. Park, J.E., Lee, I.Y., Park, T.S., Lim, S.T. and Moon, B.C. 2003. Occurrence characteristics of weed flora in upland field. Kor. J. Weed Sci. 22(3):272-279. (In Korean)
  12. Raunkiaer, C. 1937. Plant life forms. Clarendon press. Oxford, UK.
  13. Ryang, H.S., Chun, J.C. and Hwang, I.T. 1984. Change in weed flora with season and cultivated crop and land. Kor. J. Weed Sci. 4(1):4-10. (In Korean)
  14. Seaby, R. and Henderson, P. 2007. Community analysis (Package 4.0) Searching for structure in community data: PISCES Conservation Ltd., Lymington, England.
  15. Song, J.S. 1997. A phytosociological study on the weed communities in the cultivated and abandonced fields of Korea. Kor. J. Ecol. 20:191-200. (In Korean)

Cited by

  1. Ecological Characteristics of Weed Species on Dry Field in the Eastern Region of Korea vol.4, pp.3, 2015, https://doi.org/10.5660/WTS.2015.4.3.188

Acknowledgement

Supported by : Rural Development Administration