Study on Recognition, Acceptance, and Satisfaction of Dessert Menus on Elementary School Food Services in Seoul Province

서울지역 초등학교 급식에서 제공하는 후식 메뉴의 인식, 기호도 및 만족도 조사

  • 김소연 (경희대학교 식품영양학과) ;
  • 최일숙 (원광대학교 식품영양학과) ;
  • 이영순 (경희대학교 식품영양학과)
  • Received : 2014.08.19
  • Accepted : 2015.05.11
  • Published : 2015.06.30


The purpose of this study was to evaluate perception, acceptance and satisfaction of dessert menu in elementary school children. Five hundred students (246 male, 254 female) were recruited at the elementary schools in Seoul. The results show that dessert menus of elementary school lunches are needed to satisfy diverse acceptance and preference levels of children. For dessert items chocolate milk among beverage items, peaches among fruits, chocolate cookies among cookies, piece cake among breads and honey rice cake among rice cakes presented high acceptance scores. Furthermore, fruits, ice creams, juices and cookies were the most liked food items. Taste and health of desserts were important factors in perception of dessert. Rice cake (48.6%), a Korean traditional food, was the most preferred food item, followed by tea punch (31.2%), Korean cracker (10.0%) and Shanja (4.0%). Taste (51.4%) was considered as the most important factor for improvement of dessert, and increasing variety of dessert items (43.4%) was considered as the most important factor affecting demand of dessert. It is suggested that continuous update of school dessert menus is needed to meet consumers' demands and health aspects. Furthermore, Korean traditional desserts might be the key for improving satisfaction in desserts in elementary school lunches.



Supported by : 경희대학교


  1. Ahn SW (2013) Menu preference according to menu characteristics offered in school meals in Daegu and the Gyeongbuk area. MS Thesis KeiMyung University, Daegu. pp 23-24.
  2. Birch I (1987) The role of experience in children's food acceptance patterns. J Am Diet Assoc 87: 536-540.
  3. Cho EA, Lee SK, Heo GJ (2010) Snack consumption behaviors and nutrition knowledge among elementary school students in Siheung-si. Korean J Community Nutrition 15(2): 172-173.
  4. Choi JH (2010) A survey on usage status and acceptability of dessert menus used in middle school food services in Chungbuk province. MS Thesis Chungbuk university, Chungbuk. pp 57-69, 84-88.
  5. Drewnowski A (1997) Taste preferences and food intake. Ann Rev Nutr 17 : 237-253.
  6. Hertzler AA (1983) Children's food patterns-a review: I. Food preferences and feeding problems. J of Am. Diet. Assoc 83(5): 551-554.
  7. Hwang SJ (2007) A study of elementary school students' satisfaction on the provision of school meals. MS Thesis Kangwon National University, Chuncheon. pp 26-31.
  8. Jang MA, Choi MJ (2005) Satisfaction with school food service of middle school students. Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life 15(2): 229-231.
  9. Jang SH (2005) Studies on snack food consumption of elementary school students and motherly awareness for its actual condition. MS Thesis Chonnam National University, Gwangju. pp 2, 42.
  10. Jo JI, Kim HK (2008) Food habits and eating snack behaviors of middle school students in Ulsan area. The Korean Journal Nutrition 41(8): 801.
  11. Jung JY, Choi HS, Lee JS, Kim SY, Park HJ, Kim MO (2012) Nutrition throughout the Life Cycle. KwangMoonKag. PaJu. pp 159-195.
  12. Kim EJ (2010) The survey of the recognition and preference of Korea traditional dessert -Focused on elementary students at Seongnam graduated school of education. MS Thesis ChungAng University, Seoul. pp 18-64.
  13. Kim EK, Moon HK (2001) A comparison of the past physical growth, eating habits, and dietary intake by obesity index of sixth grade primary school students in Seoul. Korean J Community Nutr 6:475-485.
  14. Kim EK, Kang MH, Kim EM, Hong YS (1997) The assessment of foodservice management practices in elementary school foodservice. Journal of the Korean Dietetic Association 3(1): 74-89.
  15. Kim KA, Kim SJ, Jung LH, Jeon ER (2003) Meal preference on the school food service of middle school students in Gwangju and Chollanamdo area. Korean Journal of Food and Cookery Science 19(2): 150.
  16. Kim KM, Mo SM (1976) A study of children's dietary habits, focusing on parental influences. The Korean Journal Nutrition 3(1): 25-29.
  17. Kim MA (2002) School lunch preferences of the elementary school children. MS Thesis Gyeongin Natioanl University of Education, Incheon. pp 53-55.
  18. Kim OS, Shin MJ (2004) A study on the recognition and preference of Korean traditional rice cake according to age in capital area. Korean Journal of Food and Cookery Science 20(5): 447-450.
  19. Kim YM (2010) Influence of mother to elementary school children's perception and preference of Korean traditional foods -Focused on higher grade students in the city of Busan. MS Thesis Kosin University, Busan. pp 61-63.
  20. Koo NS, Park CI (1998) Food preference of elementary school children under meal service in Taejon. Korean J community Nutrition 3(3): 449.
  21. Kwak SM (2011) Investigating middle school students' awareness and preference on the Korean food provided as school food service in some parts of the Icheon, Gyeonggi. MS Thesis Dankook University. pp 31.
  22. Lee JE (2010) Study on the satisfaction for the school lunch menu according to gender of the elementary school students in metropolitan area and menu preferences. MS Thesis Sangmyung University, Seoul. pp 66-67.
  23. Lee KH (2008) A study on satisfaction, menu preference of school food service and dietary habits in high school students. MS Thesis Wonkwang University, Iksan. pp 13-14, 52.
  24. Lim KS (2002) The development of nutritional control model on school food service. Ministry of Education & Human Resoruces Development R&D report.
  25. Park HC (2011) Brand identity design development study on dessert commercialization of traditional Korean snacks - Focusing on Dam-yang traditional snacks Miru's line. MS Thesis Ewha Womans University, Seoul. pp 1-3.
  26. Park MH, Choi YS, Kim YJ (2002) Comparison of dietary attitudes and attitudes to the school lunch service of elementary and middle school students living in the same region. Korean J Community Nutrition 7(1): 7.
  27. Rozin P (1990) Acquisition of stable food preference. Nutrition. Reviews 48: 106-113.
  28. Seo SH, Bae MH (2007) Preference of elementary school students compared by dietitians' perception in school lunch program. Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition 36(8): 1088.
  29. Song IM (2007) A study on the satisfaction of school food service and preperence of the elementary school students - Focused on forth, fifth, sixth grade students in the city of Daejeon. MS Thesis Hannam University, Daejeon. pp 3.
  30. Yang JS (2011) A study on the awareness of elementary school students and parents about free school food service. MS Thesis Kyung Hee University, Seoul. pp 70-80.
  31. Yang SJ (2008) A study of the satisfaction and food preference toward school lunch of the elementary school students: Focusing on ChungNam area. MS Thesis KongJu University, ChungNam. pp 19-22.
  32. Yeun SO (2008) Investigation on the recognition and preference for traditional Korean dessert of school meal: Middle school students in the Daegu. MS Thesis Keimyung University, Daegu. pp 14-34.