DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

A Study of Hybrid Characteristics in Architectural Elevations Seoul, between 1876 and 1905

개화기(開化期) 서울에서 양식적 건축 요소를 차용한 절충적 한옥(韓屋)의 입면에 관한 연구

  • Received : 2015.02.27
  • Accepted : 2015.04.27
  • Published : 2015.06.25

Abstract

There have not been many debates on the subject of Korean architecture during the transformative period of Gae Wha Gi (開化期: Enlightenment Period of Korea), when Western-style buildings first appeared in Seoul. This study begins by finding and recording those buildings in Seoul that show the gradual adoption and appropriation of Western architectural elements at the turn of the 20th century. By exploring the confluence of two different architectural styles, this paper attempts to look carefully at the hybrid conditions that resulted from encounters between the Koreans and the Westerners in the late 19th and early 20th century. Beginning with discovering the first products of the Western architectural influence in Seoul, this study explores the uneasy co-existence between the traditional Korean architectural style, and the Western architectural style. This co-existence ultimately bred new building techniques, and interior layouts; the appearance of these hybrid buildings illustrate the gradual transition from the traditional way, in which users modified, combined and appropriated various elements from both styles. Analyzing historical documents and photos, this study tries to capture a detailed image of the period when the influence of the Western architecture had an unavoidable impact and brought change to the traditional architecture of Korea.

References

  1. Cho J. K., & Park E. K. (1999). Study on the School Architecture Established by a Missionary in the Age of Civilization. Architectural Institute of Korea Conference Collected Papers, 313-318.
  2. Gwak Y. J. (1990). HanKuk GeonDaeDoSi JuTaekUi ByunChunE GwanHan YonGu. Master's Dissertation, SungKyunKwan University, Seoul.
  3. Hwangbo Y. H., Han W. & Han D. S. (2008). Study on the change of doors and windows of Korean traditional Palace after the open-door period. Architectural Institute of Korea Conference Collected Papers, 28(1), 435-438
  4. Kang S. H., Moon Y. S. & Yoon J. S. (2005). Reconstruction of the first “Ewha-hakdang” building in Jung-Dong. Seoul: Architectural Institute of Korea Collection of Dissertations, 21(10), 26-28.
  5. Kim, G. D., & Kim, S. I. (2001). The Study on the settling process of westerners in Jeong-dong, Seoul in the latter era of the Korean Empire. Journal of the Architectural Institute of Korea, 17(7), 154.
  6. Kim J. D. (2006). GaeWhaGi WooRiGungGwalE EIpDoen SeoYang YoSoDeul. Journal of Architectural History Institute of Korea Spring Conference, 202-224.
  7. Kim J. D. (2003). GeonDae EHu Seoul 'JeongDongDong Yeok' Eui ByunChunE DaeHaeSeo. Architectrure Historical Research, 12(2), 84-112.
  8. Kim J. S. (2001). A Study on Repairing and Preservation of the Early Western Style Architecture in Korea - Focused on the Case Study on the Church Buildings Which are Registered as National Cultural Properties - Architectrure Historical Research, 10(2), 55-71.
  9. Kim K. W. (1990). DaeHanJeKuk SiDaeUi DoSiGyeHoek. HyangTo Seoul 50. Seoul: Seoul Affairs Publish Commission, 115.
  10. Kim W. M. (1991). AllenUi IlGi. Seoul: DanKuk University Publish, 67.
  11. Kim Y. J. (1994). Seoul Je 2 Ui GoHyang. Seoul: The Institute of Seoul Studies, 212.
  12. Lee C. S. (1990). A Study on the Development History of Architecture for the Past 100 Years in Korea. Seoul: the Korean Federation of Science and Technology Societies, 103.
  13. Lee, K. M., & Kim, H. B. (1994). Seoul DoSiKyungKwanUi ByunChunGwaJung YonGu. The Journal of Seoul Studies 2, 26-27.
  14. Lee T. J. (1995). The nature of Seoul's development into a modern city during the 18th-19th centuries. The Journal of Seoul Studies 4, 23-26.
  15. Park S. H. (2010). ByeokJeon. Seoul: SPACETIME, 479, 505.
  16. Sherwood Hall. (1984). With stethoscope in Asia: Korea. Seoul: The Dong-A Ilbo, 74.
  17. Son, J. M. (1980). GaeHangGi HanSung OeKukIn Geo RyuUi GwaJoengGwa SilTae. HyangTo Seoul 38, 50-63.