An Optical Pulse-Width Modulation Generator Using a Single-Mode Fabry-Pérot Laser Diode

  • Tran, Quoc-Hoai ;
  • Nakarmi, Bikash ;
  • Won, Yong Hyub
  • Received : 2015.02.12
  • Accepted : 2015.05.19
  • Published : 2015.06.25


We have proposed and experimentally verified a pulse-width modulation (PWM) generator which directly generated a PWM signal in the optical domain. Output waveforms were clear at the repetition rate of 16 MHz; the duty cycle (DC) was from 14.7% to 72.1%; and the DC-control resolution was about 4.399%/dB. The PWM generator' operation principle is based on the injection-locking property of a single-mode Fabry-$P{\acute{e}}rot$ laser diode (SMFP-LD). The SMFP-LD, which has a self-locked mode wavelength at ${\lambda}_{PWM}$, was used to detect the power of the injection-locking signal (optical analog input). If the analog input power is high, the SMFP-LD is locked to the wavelength of the input signal ${\lambda}_a$ and there is no output after an optical bandpass filter (OBF). If the analog input power is low, the SMFP-LD is unlocked and there is output signal at ${\lambda}_{PWM}$ after the OBF. Thus, the SMFP-LD plus the OBF provide digital output for an analog input. The DC of the output PWM signal can be controlled by tuning the power of the analog input.


Optical pulse width modulation;Single mode FP-LD;Injection-locking


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Supported by : Korea Evaluation Institute of Industrial Technology (KEIT)