The influence of in-group favoritism on 5 to 6-year-olds' resource-allocation decisions

5-6세 아동의 분배 결정에 내집단 선호가 미치는 영향

  • Received : 2015.05.29
  • Accepted : 2015.06.25
  • Published : 2015.06.30

Abstract

The current study investigated whether in-group bias affects 5- to 6-year-old children's resource-allocation decisions. In Experiment 1, participants were asked to allocate 10 stickers between a friend (an in-group member) and a stranger (an out-group member). Children allocated significantly more stickers to friends than to strangers, suggesting that they made distributive decisions in favor of their in-group members, when they were not the beneficiary of a resource-allocation. In Experiment 2, we examined whether being one of the recipients in the resource-allocation game would affect children's decisions. The procedure was identical to that of Experiment 1 except that participants were asked to allocate stickers between themselves and a friend or a stranger. The children showed selfish distributions regardless of recipients. These results indicate that when children become one of the recipients in a resource-allocation, their self-interests override their preference for in-group members.

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 한국연구재단

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