Cross-language Transfer of Phonological Awareness and Its Relations with Reading and Writing in Korean and English

음운인식의 언어 간 전이와 한글 및 영어의 읽기 쓰기와의 관계

  • Received : 2015.01.22
  • Accepted : 2015.04.20
  • Published : 2015.06.30

Abstract

This study investigated the contribution of Korean phonological awareness to English phonological awareness and the relations of phonological awareness with reading and writing in Korean Hangul and English among Korean 5th graders. With age and vocabulary knowledge statistically controlled, Korean phonological awareness was transferred to English phonological awareness. Specifically, syllable and phoneme awareness in Korean transferred to syllable awareness in English, and Korean phoneme awareness transferred to English phoneme awareness. In addition, English phoneme awareness independently explained significant variance of reading and writing in Korean and English after controlling for age and vocabulary. Syllable awareness in Korean and English explained Hangul reading and writing, respectively. The results suggest cross-language transfer of phonological awareness that is a metalinguistic skill. Phoneme awareness is important in reading and writing in English whereas both of syllable and phoneme awareness are important in literacy of Korean.

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 한국연구재단

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