DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

Seismic performance of eccentrically braced frames with high strength steel combination

  • Lian, Ming ;
  • Su, Mingzhou ;
  • Guo, Yan
  • Received : 2014.03.21
  • Accepted : 2014.12.09
  • Published : 2015.06.25

Abstract

Eccentrically braced frames (EBFs) often use conventional steel with medium yield strength. This system requires structural members with large cross-sections for well seismic behavior, which leads to increased material costs. In eccentrically braced frames with high strength steel combination (HSS-EBFs), links use Q345 steel (specified nominal yield strength 345 MPa), braces use Q345 steel or high strength steel while other structural members use high strength steel (e.g., steel Q460 with the nominal yield strength of 460 MPa or steel Q690 with the nominal yield strength of 690 MPa). For this approach can result in reduced steel consumption and increased economic efficiency. Several finite element models of both HSS-EBFs and EBFs are established in this paper. Nonlinear hysteretic analyses and nonlinear time history analyses are conducted to compare seismic performance and economy of HSS-EBFs versus EBFs. Results indicate that the seismic performance of HSS-EBFs is slightly poorer than that of EBFs under the same design conditions, and HSS-EBFs satisfy seismic design codes and reduce material costs.

Keywords

high strength steel;eccentrically braced frames;seismic performance;finite element;nonlinear analysis

References

  1. Ban, H.Y., Shi, G., Liu, Z., Shi, Y., Want, Y., Xing, H. and Li, M. (2011), "Experimental study on overall buckling behavior of Q420 high strength equal angle members under axial compression", J. Build. Struct., 32(2), 60-67.
  2. Barth, K.E., White, D.W. and Bobb, B.M. (2000), "Negative bending resistance of HPS70W girders", J. Construct. Steel Res., 53(1), 1-31. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0143-974X(99)00037-1
  3. Azizinamini, A., Barth, K., Dexter, R. and Rubeiz, C. (2004), "High performance steel: Research front - historical account of research activities", J. Bridge Eng., 9(3), 212-217. https://doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)1084-0702(2004)9:3(212)
  4. Bosco, M. and Rossi, P.P. (2009), "Seismic behaviour of eccentrically braced frames", Eng. Struct., 31(3), 664-674. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.engstruct.2008.11.002
  5. Dubina, D., Stratan, A. and Dinu, F. (2008), "Dual high-strength steel eccentrically braced frames with removable links", Earthq. Eng. Struct. Dyn., 37(15), 1703-1720. https://doi.org/10.1002/eqe.828
  6. Ellingwood, B.R. (2001), "Earthquake risk assessment of building structures", Reliab. Eng. Syst. Safe., 74(3), 251-262. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0951-8320(01)00105-3
  7. FEMA 356 (2000), Prestandard and Commentary for the Seismic Rehabilitation of Buildings; Washington, D.C., USA.
  8. Foutch, D.A. (1989), "Seismic behavior of eccentrically braced steel building", J. Struct. Eng., 115(8), 1857-1876. https://doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)0733-9445(1989)115:8(1857)
  9. GB50011-2010 (2010), Code for Seismic Design of Buildings; Beijing, China.
  10. Gresnight, A.M. and Steenhuis, C.M. (1997), "High strength steels", Progress in Structural Engineering and Materials, 1(1), 31-41. https://doi.org/10.1002/pse.2260010108
  11. Hjelmstad, K.D. and Popov, E.P. (1982), "Characteristics of eccentrically braced frames", J. Struct. Eng., 110(2), 340-353.
  12. JGJ 99-98 (1998), Technical Specification for Steel Structure of Tall Buildings; Beijing, China.
  13. Lin, K.C., Lin, C.C.J., Chen, J.Y. and Chang, H.Y. (2010), "Seismic reliability of steel framed buildings", Struct. Safe., 32(3), 174-182. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.strusafe.2009.11.001
  14. Miki, C., Homma, K. and Tominaga, T. (2002), "High strength and high performance steels and their use in bridge structures", J. Construct. Steel Res., 58(1), 3-20. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0143-974X(01)00028-1
  15. Okazaki, T. and Engelhardt, M.D. (2007), "Cyclic loading behavior of EBF links constructed of ASTM A992 steel", J. Construct. Steel Res., 63(6), 751-765. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcsr.2006.08.004
  16. Park, R. (1988), "Ductility evaluation from laboratory and analytical testing", Proceedings of the 9th World Conference on Earthquake Engineering, Tokyo, Japan, August, pp. 605-616.
  17. Pocock, G. (2006), "High strength steel use in Australia, Japan and the US", The Struct. Eng., 84(21), 27-30.
  18. Rasmussen, K.J.R. and Hancock, G.J. (1992), "Plate slenderness limits for high strength steel sections", J. Construct. Steel Res., 23(1), 73-96. https://doi.org/10.1016/0143-974X(92)90037-F
  19. Rasmussen, K.J.R. and Hancock, G.J. (1995), "Tests of high strength steel columns", J. Construct. Steel Res., 34(1), 27-52. https://doi.org/10.1016/0143-974X(95)97296-A
  20. Roeder, C.W. and Popov, E.P. (1978), "Eccentrically braced steel frames for earthquake", J. Struct. Div., 104(3), 391-412.
  21. Shi, G., Wang, M., Bai, Y., Wang, F., Shi, Y. and Wang, Y. (2011), "Experimental and modeling study of high-strength structural steel under cyclic loading", Eng. Struct., 37(5), 1-13.
  22. Tokgoz, S., Dundar, C. and Tanrikulu, A.K. (2012), "Experimental behaviour of steel fiber high strength reinforced concrete and composite columns", J. Construct. Steel Res., 74(7), 98-107. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcsr.2012.02.017
  23. Wasserman, E.P. (2002), "Optimization of HPS 70W Applications", J. Bridge Eng., 7(1), 1-5. https://doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)1084-0702(2002)7:1(1)
  24. Vander, V.G.J., De, B.J. and Wardenier, J. (1990), "Low cycle fatigue of tubular T- and X-joints", Proceedings of the 3rd International Symposium on Tubular Structures, Lappeenranta, Finland, September, pp. 605-616.
  25. Yang, D.M. and Hancock, G.J. (2004), "Compression tests of high strength steel channel columns with interaction between local and distortional buckling", J. Struct. Eng., 130(12), 1954-1963. https://doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)0733-9445(2004)130:12(1954)

Cited by

  1. Seismic behavior of K-shaped eccentrically braced frames with high-strength steel: Shaking table testing and FEM analysis vol.143, 2018, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcsr.2017.12.030
  2. Experimental study and simplified analysis of EBF fabricated with high strength steel vol.139, 2017, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcsr.2017.09.013
  3. A review of research on steel eccentrically braced frames vol.128, 2017, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcsr.2016.07.032
  4. Cyclic behaviour of Y-shaped eccentrically braced frames fabricated with high-strength steel composite vol.120, 2016, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcsr.2016.01.007
  5. An analytical model for shear links in eccentrically braced frames vol.22, pp.3, 2016, https://doi.org/10.12989/scs.2016.22.3.627
  6. Investigating the nonlinear behavior of Eccentrically Braced Frame with vertical shear links (V-EBF) vol.10, 2017, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jobe.2017.02.002
  7. Seismic analysis of steel structure with brace configuration using topology optimization vol.21, pp.3, 2016, https://doi.org/10.12989/scs.2016.21.3.501
  8. Experimental and Analytical Study of Eccentrically Braced Frames Combined with High-Strength Steel vol.18, pp.2, 2018, https://doi.org/10.1007/s13296-018-0018-x

Acknowledgement

Supported by : National Natural Science Foundation of China