Genetic Variability of Show Jumping Attributes in Young Horses Commencing Competing

  • Prochniak, Tomasz (Department of Biological Bases of Animal Production, University of Life Sciences in Lublin) ;
  • Rozempolska-Rucinska, Iwona (Department of Biological Bases of Animal Production, University of Life Sciences in Lublin) ;
  • Zieba, Grzegorz (Department of Biological Bases of Animal Production, University of Life Sciences in Lublin) ;
  • Lukaszewicz, Marek (Institute of Genetics and Animal Breeding, Polish Academy of Sciences)
  • Received : 2014.11.13
  • Accepted : 2015.02.27
  • Published : 2015.08.01


The aim of the study was to select traits that may constitute a prospective criterion for breeding value prediction of young horses. The results of 1,232 starts of 894 four-, five-, six-, and seven-year-old horses, obtained during jumping championships for young horses which had not been evaluated in, alternative to championships, training centres were analyed. Nine traits were chosen of those recorded: ranking in the championship, elimination (y/n), conformation, rating of style on day one, two, and three, and penalty points on day one, two, and three of a championship. (Co)variance components were estimated via the Gibbs sampling procedure and adequate (co)variance component ratios were calculated. Statistical classifications were trait dependent but all fitted random additive genetic and permanent environment effects. It was found that such characteristics as penalty points and jumping style are potential indicators of jumping ability, and the genetic variability of the traits was within the range of 14% to 27%. Given the low genetic correlations between the conformation and other results achieved on the parkour, the relevance of assessment of conformation in four-years-old horses has been questioned.


Horse Breeding;Show Jumping;Variance Components


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