Asymmetric Bias of the Ferry Sewol Accident News Frame Discriminatory Aspects and Interpretive of Media

세월호 사고 뉴스 프레임의 비대칭적 편향성 언론의 차별적 관점과 해석 방식

  • Lee, Wan-Soo (Division of Media Communication, Dongseo University) ;
  • Bae, Jae-Young (Department of Communication, Pusan National University)
  • 이완수 (동서대학교 미디어커뮤케이션학부) ;
  • 배재영 (부산대학교 신문방송학과)
  • Received : 2015.01.30
  • Accepted : 2015.05.27
  • Published : 2015.06.15

Abstract

Doctoral Candidate, Department of Communication, Pusan National University This study analyzed the political and social significance of the disaster accident news with the frame and bias concept. In particular, this study confirmed theoretically how domestic media biased frame when it presents problem definition, causing interpretation, moral evaluation, and post-prescription on the ferry Sewol accident, In addition, the bias of the frame was analyzed comparing what is the difference between the conservative newspapers and liberal newspapers. Findings are as follows. First, in diagnosis of ferry Sewol accident, news slanted fragmentation frame>personalization frame>authority-disorder frame. The Chosun Ilbo focus on fragmentation bias, meanwhile Hankyoreh focus on the authority disorder relatively. Second, in accident evaluation, responsibility frame> moral frame> problem-solution frame. The Chosun Ilbo focus on responsibility frame and moral frame. But Hankyoreh focus on responsibility frame and problem-solution frame. Third, in the matter of responsibility, government frame>personal frame>organizational frame. Chosun Ilbo biased responsibility of the government and individuals, while the Hankyoreh is relatively more emphasis on government responsibility and the responsibility of the organization also showed. Fourth, in problem solving, thematic frame and episodic frame bias appeared as rough and level. Chosun Ilbo showed episodic frame, Hankyoreh showed thematic frame. News frame and bias as well as ideological differences of media on ferry Sewol accident was discussed in the context of the social dimension.

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 동서대학교