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A Study on Improved Emergency Management System - Focused on Response to Diffusion of Oil Spilled in Marine -

재난안전관리 체계 개선 방안 연구 - 해양오일유출 확산방지기술 중심으로 -

  • Yoo, Byungtae (Accident Prevention and Assessment Division, National Institute of Chemical Safety) ;
  • Oh, Keumho (Safety Research Division, National Disaster Management Institute) ;
  • Baek, Jong-bae (Department of Safety Engineering, Korea National University of Transportation)
  • 유병태 (화학물질안전원 사고예방심사과) ;
  • 오금호 (국립재난안전연구원 안전연구실) ;
  • 백종배 (한국교통대학교 안전공학과)
  • Received : 2015.01.24
  • Accepted : 2015.04.15
  • Published : 2015.04.30

Abstract

In Korea for 20 years(1993-2012), total number and average annual number of oil spills were 6,608 cases and total volume and average annual volume of oils spilt were $57,328k{\ell}$ and nearly $2,866k{\ell}/year$, respectively. The annual number of oil spills and annual amount of oil spilt tended to decrease with the lapse of year in Korea. As oil transportation worldwide continues to increase, many communities are at risk of oil spill disasters and must anticipate and prepare for them. Factors that influence oil spill consequences are myriad and rage from the biophysical to the social. In this paper, we analysed the emergency response systems and recovery apparatuses for oil spill accident in marine and proposed a developed oil diffusion apparatus which can be used to initial response stage by crew, and to extend golden times. This system can be minimized casualties for rescued people in disaster.

Keywords

emergency management;oil spill;hazardous material;oil pollution incidents;marin accidents

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