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Acupuncture Treatment of Plantar Fasciitis: A Literature Review

족저근막염의 침치료에 대한 국내외 연구동향 분석

  • Koh, Nak-Yong (Department of Rehabilitation Medicine of Korean Medicine, College of Korean Medicine, Won-Kwang University) ;
  • Kim, Chang-Gon (Department of Rehabilitation Medicine of Korean Medicine, College of Korean Medicine, Won-Kwang University) ;
  • Ko, Youn-Suk (Department of Rehabilitation Medicine of Korean Medicine, College of Korean Medicine, Woo-Suk University) ;
  • Lee, Jung-Han (Department of Rehabilitation Medicine of Korean Medicine, College of Korean Medicine, Won-Kwang University)
  • 고낙용 (원광대학교 한의과대학 한방재활의학과교실) ;
  • 김창곤 (원광대학교 한의과대학 한방재활의학과교실) ;
  • 고연석 (우석대학교 한의과대학 한방재활의학과교실) ;
  • 이정한 (원광대학교 한의과대학 한방재활의학과교실)
  • Received : 2015.03.17
  • Accepted : 2015.04.09
  • Published : 2015.04.30

Abstract

Objectives Plantar fasciitis is one of the most common causes of heel pain. Plantar fasciitis can be managed with acupuncture, but the evidence for its effectiveness is uncertain. The aim of this review was to assess the effectiveness of acupuncture for plantar fasciitis. Methods I searched specific Korean and foreign electronic databases (KCI, RISS, NDSL, OASIS, KTKP, National Assembly Library, KMbase, PubMed, The Cochrane Library and China National Knowledge Infrastructure). The key search terms were 'heel pain', 'plantar fasciitis' and 'acupuncture'. Twenty-seven trials were included; eleven case reports, fourteen randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and two non-randomized controlled trials (NRCTs). Results Twenty-seven studies reported that acupuncture treatment reduced plantar fasciitis pain. However, the evidence provided by the case reports was regarded as weak because the methodological quality was poor, and the placebo effect of acupuncture was not accounted for in the RCTs and NRCTs. Overall, the methodological quality of the RCTs and NRCTs was weak. Conclusions There is some evidence for the effectiveness of acupuncture for plantar fasciitis. However, in order to reinforce the evidence for acupuncture's effectiveness, additional placebo-controlled trials with well-designed methodologies are required.

Keywords

Acupuncture;Plantar fasciitis;Heel pain;Review

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