Effects of Fabrication Process Variation on Impedance of Neural Probe Microelectrodes

  • Cho, Il Hwan ;
  • Shin, Hyogeun ;
  • Lee, Hyunjoo Jenny ;
  • Cho, Il-Joo
  • Received : 2014.10.12
  • Accepted : 2014.12.02
  • Published : 2015.05.01


Effects of fabrication process variations on impedance of microelectrodes integrated on a neural probe were examined through equivalent circuit modeling and SPICE simulation. Process variation and the corresponding range were estimated based on experimental data. The modeling results illustrate that the process variation induced by metal etching process was the dominant factor in impedance variation. We also demonstrate that the effect of process variation is frequency dependent. Another process variation that was examined in this work was the thickness variation induced by deposition process. The modeling results indicate that the effect of thickness variation on impedance is negligible. This work provides a means to predict the variations in impedance values of microelectrodes on neural probe due to different process variations.


Neural probe;Equivalent circuit modeling;Fabrication process variation


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