Study on The Use of Teaching Area's Courtyard Space : Results from a Survey of Universities in Tai' an

  • Zhang, Xin-Peng (College of Horticultural Science and Engineering, Shandong Agricultural University) ;
  • Wang, Wen-Li (College of Horticultural Science and Engineering, Shandong Agricultural University) ;
  • Piao, Yong-Ji (College of Horticultural Science and Engineering, Shandong Agricultural University) ;
  • Cho, Tae-Dong (Department of Environmental Landscape Architecture, Gangneung-Wonju National University)
  • Received : 2015.03.05
  • Accepted : 2015.04.12
  • Published : 2015.05.30


Based on the survey of 4 universities in Tai' an by questionnaire survey and interviews, this study acquired and analyzed the college student users' activity type, utilization frequency, retention time, companion, preference for landscape design style, the importance of the courtyard space's environment and landscape, as well as correlations between primary attributes and activity characteristics of student users. The weight of the university teaching area's courtyard space evaluation index was obtained by Analytical Hierarchy Process. The results indicated that nearly 60% college students select to study and to rest alone as the main activity type, 80% students' utilization frequency is at least two times or more a week. In addition, the relative weight of plant landscape is the highest in the 2nd class indexes of space garden landscape, and its value is 0.113; the relative weight of cleanliness is the highest in the 3rd class indexes of space environment quality, and its value is 0.143. Therefore, it should be attached much importance to constructing the environment and landscape for studying and relaxing, and the factors of cleanliness and plant landscape etc in the further design of courtyard space are taken into full consideration.


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