Finite element analysis for joining glass fiber reinforced plastic and aluminium alloy sheets

유리섬유 강화 플라스틱과 알루미늄 합금 접합을 위한 유한요소해석

  • Received : 2015.04.14
  • Accepted : 2015.04.29
  • Published : 2015.04.30


Self-piercing rivet(SPR) is mechanical joining methods and which can be joining dissimilar materials. Unlike conventional riveting, SPR also needs no pre-drilled holes. During plastically deformation, SPR pierces upper sheet and joins it to under sheet. SPR has been mainly applied to the joining the automobile body and some materials, such as glass fiber reinforced polymer and aluminum alloy, which represent the sheet-formed materials for lightweight automobile. Glass fiber reinforced plastic(GFRP) has been considered as a partial application of the automobile body which is lighter than steels and stronger than aluminium alloys. It is needed SPR to join Al alloy sheets and GFRP ones. In this paper, in order to design the rivet and anvil, which are suitable for GFRP, the joinability was examined through simulations of SPR joining between GFRP and Al alloy sheets. For this study, AutoCAD was used for the modeling and the simulated using commercial FEM code DEFORM-2D. The simulated results for SPR process joining between GFRP and Al alloys were confirmed by the same conditions as experimental trials.


Self-Piercing rivet;Dissimilar materials;Finite element method;Glass fiber reinforced plastic(GFRP)


  1. K. Mori, T. Kato, Y. Abe and Y. Ravshanb : Plastic Joining of Ultra High Strength Steel and Aluminium Alloy Sheets by Self Piercing Rivet, CIRP Annals- Manufacturing Technology, 55(1) (2006), 283-286
  2. Xinmin Fan and Iain Masters : Dimensional Variation in Self-Piercing Riveting, SAE, 2006-01-0776 (2006)
  3. H. Y. Cho, D. B. Kim and K. W. Kim : Shape Design of Self-Piercing Rivet for Joining similar Sheet Metals", Journal of Korean Society of Mechanical Technology, 14(3) (2012), 93-99 (in Korean)
  4. N. H. Hoang, R. Porcaro, M. Langesth and A. G. Hanssen : Self-piercing riveting connections using aluminium rivets, International Journal of Solids and Structures, 47 (2010), 427-439
  5. E. Atzeni, R. Ippolito and L. Settineri : Experimental and numerical appraisal of self-piercing riveting, CIRP Annals-Manufacturing Technology, 58 (2009), 17-20
  6. Robert Cacko : Review of different material separation criteria in numerical modeling of the self-piercing reveting process-SPR, Archives of Civil and Mechanical Engineering, 8(2) (2008), 21-30
  7. Y. Abe, T. Kato and K. Mori : Self-piercing riveting of high tensile strength steel and aluminium alloy sheets using conventional rivet and die, Journal of materials processing technology, 209 (2009), 3914-3922
  8. Toru Kato, Yohei Abe, Ken-ichiro Mori and Shingo Sakai : Joining of Three Aluminium Alloy and Mild Steel Sheets with Self-Piercing Rivet, Journal of the JSTP, 49(568) (2008), 419-423
  9. D. B. Kim : Design of Self-Piercing Rivet for Joining Dissimilar Sheet Metals, A thesis for the degree of Master, (2011), (in Korean)
  10. Scientific Forming Technologies Corporation : DEFORMTM Version 10 User's Manual
  11. KS B 0801 : Test pieces for tensile test for metallic materials, Korean Standard Information Center (2011), (in Korean)
  12. KS D 8508 : Test method for tensile properties of fiber reinforced metals, Korean Standard Information Center (1997), (in Korean)
  13. KS B 0851 : Specimen dimensions and procedure for shear testing resistance spot and embossed projection welded joints (2006), (in Korean)
  14. H. Y. Cho : Design of Helical Self-Piercing Rivet for Joining Aluminum Alloy and High-Strength Steel Sheets, Korean Soc. Mech. Eng. A, 38(7) (2014), 735-742 (in Korean)

Cited by

  1. Design of self-piercing rivet to joint in advanced high strength steel and aluminium alloy sheets vol.33, pp.3, 2015,


Supported by : 산업통상자원부