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Effects of job satisfaction and spouse support on parenting stress in female fire fighters with preschool-aged children

취학 전 자녀를 둔 여성소방공무원의 직무만족도와 배우자 지지가 양육스트레스에 미치는 영향

  • Che, Ga-Young (Department of Paramedic Science, Korea National University of Transportation) ;
  • Baek, Mi-Lye (Department of Paramedic Science, Korea National University of Transportation)
  • 채가영 (한국교통대학교 응급구조학과) ;
  • 백미례 (한국교통대학교 응급구조학과)
  • Received : 2015.03.12
  • Accepted : 2015.04.24
  • Published : 2015.04.30

Abstract

Purpose: Job satisfaction, spouse support, parenting stress, and the factors that influence parenting stress in female fire fighters with preschool-aged children were examined. Methods: Data were collected from 180 female fire fighters who worked at the fire station from June to July 2013 and had preschool-aged children. Data were analyzed using SPSS WIN 21.0. Results: Average job satisfaction was 2.81, spouse support was 3.54, and parenting stress was 3.61. Parenting stress was negatively correlated with spouse support and job satisfaction. Job satisfaction and spouse support were positively correlated. Factors influencing parenting stress included employment period (${\beta}$=0.093, p <.05), a husband who is not a fire fighter (${\beta}$=-8.971, p <.05), having three children (${\beta}$=27.395, p <.05), delegating childcare to relatives (${\beta}$=9.605, p <.05), income (${\beta}$=-0.920, p <.05), and spouse support (${\beta}$=-0.589, p <.05). Conclusion: To reduce parenting stress and increase job satisfaction, female fire fighters with preschool-aged children should be assigned to stable administrative work instead of stressful on-site work. Husbands who are fire fighters should take advantage of paternity leave, implemented by the Ministry of Public Safety and Security, to increase their active participation in parenting.

Keywords

Job satisfaction;Spouse support;Parenting stress;Female fire fighter

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