Prehospital care and knowledge, prehospital care confidence toward the infant and toddlers of the 119 emergency medical technicians

119 구급대원의 영유아에 대한 응급처치 현황 및 응급처치 지식과 수행 자신감 비교

  • Song, Eun-Hye (Nambu Fire Station, Daejeon Metropolitan City Fire Service Headquater) ;
  • Lee, Kyoung-Youl (Department of Emergency Medical Service, Kongju National University)
  • 송은혜 (대전광역시 소방본부 남부소방서) ;
  • 이경열 (공주대학교 응급구조학과)
  • Received : 2015.03.02
  • Accepted : 2015.04.24
  • Published : 2015.04.30


Purpose: The purpose of this study was to improve the quality of prehospital care provided to infants and toddlers (preschoolers) based on questionnaire findings. Methods: A total of 1,634 running sheets from 119 centers of D city from patients older than 1 month and less than 7 years of age from January 1, 2013 to December 31, 2013 were reviewed for 119 emergency medical technicians (EMTs) activity analysis. And a self-reported questionnaire about knowledge and competency in prehospital care of preschoolers was completed by 159 EMTs at fire stations in D city. Data were analyzed using IBM SPSS Statistics for Windows, Version 21.0. Results: Of 1,634 patients, 58.6% were call to 119 due to disease, 33.8% due to injuries and 7.5% due to traffic accident. Knowledge and confidence in treating preschoolers was significantly higher among paramedic EMTs than basic EMTs. The 119 EMTs surveyed indicated that training for preschooler prehospital care was most needed. Conclusion: In order to provide high quality prehospital care for preschoolers transported to emergency rooms, it is necessary to equip ambulances with the proper equipment. In addition, EMTs should be provided educational opportunities and clinical training.


Prehospital care;Preschooler;Knowledge;Confidence;Emergency medical technicians


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