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An Analysis of the water balance of Low Impact Development Techniques According to the Rainfall Types

강우 유형에 따른 저영향개발 기법별 물수지 분석

  • Yoo, Sohyun (Graduate School, Seoul National University) ;
  • Lee, Dongkun (Department of Landscape Architecture and Rural System Engineering, Seoul National University) ;
  • Kim, Hyomin (Graduate School, Seoul National University) ;
  • Cho, Youngchul (GS Engineering and Construction Corporation)
  • Received : 2014.12.03
  • Accepted : 2015.04.07
  • Published : 2015.04.30

Abstract

Urbanization caused various environmental problems like destruction of natural water cycle and increased urban flood. To solve these problems, LID(Low Impact Development) deserves attention. The main objective of LID is to restore the water circulation to the state before the development. In the previous studies about the LID, the runoff reduction effect is mainly discussed and the effects of each techniques of LID depending on rainfall types have not fully investigated. The objective of this research is to evaluate the effect of LID using the quantitative simulation of rainwater runoff as well as an amount of infiltration according to the rainfall and LID techniques. To evaluate the water circulation of LID on the development area, new land development areas of Hanam in South Korea is decided as the study site. In this research, hydrological model named STORM is used for the simulation of water balance associated with LID. Rainfall types are separated into two categories based on the rainfall intensity. And simulated LID techniques are green roof, permeable pavement and swale. Results of this research indicate that LID is effective on improvement of water balance in case of the low intensity rainfall event rather than the extreme event. The most effective LID technique is permeable pavement in case of the low intensity rainfall event and swale is effective in case of the high intensity rainfall event. The results of this study could be used as a reference when the spatial plan is made considering the water circulation.

Keywords

LID;water circulation;spatial planning;STORM

Acknowledgement

Grant : 불확실성을 고려한 기후변화 영향 및 적응 경제성 평가 기술개발, 기후변화 영향 및 취약성 통합평가 모델

Supported by : 환경부

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