- Volume 28 Issue 5
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Characteristics of Wet and Dried Distillers Grains on In vitro Ruminal Fermentation and Effects of Dietary Wet Distillers Grains on Performance of Hanwoo Steers
- Kim, Ill Young (College of Animal Bioscience and Technology, Konkuk University) ;
- Ahn, Gyu Chul (Animal Resources Research Center, College of Animal Bioscience and Technology, Konkuk University) ;
- Kwak, Hyung Jun (College of Animal Bioscience and Technology, Konkuk University) ;
- Lee, Yoo Kyung (National Institute of Animal Science) ;
- Oh, Young Kyoon (National Institute of Animal Science) ;
- Lee, Sang Suk (Department of Animal Science and Technology, Sunchon National University) ;
- Kim, Jeong Hoon (Cargill Agri Purina) ;
- Park, Keun Kyu (Animal Resources Research Center, College of Animal Bioscience and Technology, Konkuk University)
- Received : 2014.08.04
- Accepted : 2014.12.05
- Published : 2015.05.01
Two experiments were conducted to evaluate the nutrient composition, in vitro dry matter disappearance (IVDMD) and organic matter disappearance (IVOMD) of three kinds of distillers grains (DG); i) wet distillers grains (WDG, KRW 25/kg), ii) dried distillers grains (DDG, KRW 280/kg), iii) dried distillers grains with solubles (DDGS, KRW 270/kg) produced from tapioca 70% and rice 30%, and to evaluate dietary effects of WDG on the performance of Hanwoo steers. In Exp. 1, twelve-WDG, four-DDG and one-DDGS were collected from seven ethanol plants. Average crude protein, crude fiber, neutral detergent fiber, and acid detergent fiber of WDG, DDG, and DDGS were: 32.6%, 17.8%, 57.5%, and 30.2% for WDG, 36.7%, 13.9%, 51.4%, and 30.5% for DDG, and 31.0%, 11.9%, 40.3%, and 21.2% for DDGS (DM basis), respectively. The DDGS had a higher quantity of water-soluble fraction than WDG and DDG and showed the highest IVDMD (p<0.05) in comparison to others during the whole experimental time. The IVDMD at 0 to 12 h incubation were higher (p<0.05) in DDG than WDG, but did not show significant differences from 24 to 72 h. The same tendency was observed in IVOMD, showing that DG made from tapioca and rice (7:3) can be used as a feed ingredient for ruminants. Considering the price, WDG is a more useful feed ingredient than DDG and DDGS. In Exp. 2, 36 Hanwoo steers of 21 months (
Hanwoo;Steers;Total Mixed Ration;Distillers By-products;Wet Distillers Grains
Grant : Cooperative Research Program for Agriculture Science & Technology Development
Supported by : Rural Development Administration
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