- Volume 28 Issue 6
DOI QR Code
Effects of Inclusion Levels of Wheat Bran and Body Weight on Ileal and Fecal Digestibility in Growing Pigs
- Huang, Q. (Ministry of Agriculture Feed Industry Centre, State Key Laboratory of Animal Nutrition, China Agricultural University) ;
- Su, Y.B. (Ministry of Agriculture Feed Industry Centre, State Key Laboratory of Animal Nutrition, China Agricultural University) ;
- Li, D.F. (Ministry of Agriculture Feed Industry Centre, State Key Laboratory of Animal Nutrition, China Agricultural University) ;
- Liu, L. (Ministry of Agriculture Feed Industry Centre, State Key Laboratory of Animal Nutrition, China Agricultural University) ;
- Huang, C.F. (Ministry of Agriculture Feed Industry Centre, State Key Laboratory of Animal Nutrition, China Agricultural University) ;
- Zhu, Z.P. (The New Hope Liu He Co., Ltd.) ;
- Lai, C.H. (Ministry of Agriculture Feed Industry Centre, State Key Laboratory of Animal Nutrition, China Agricultural University)
- Received : 2014.10.02
- Accepted : 2015.01.09
- Published : 2015.06.01
The objective of this study was to determine the effects of graded inclusions of wheat bran (0%, 9.65%, 48.25% wheat bran) and two growth stages (from 32.5 to 47.2 kg and 59.4 to 78.7 kg, respectively) on the apparent ileal digestibility (AID), apparent total tract digestibility (ATTD) and hindgut fermentation of nutrients and energy in growing pigs. Six light pigs (initial body weight [BW]
Digestive Sites;Hindgut Fermentation;Dietary Fiber;Digestibility;Wheat Bran;Growth Stage
Supported by : National Key Technology R&D Program, Special Public Sector Fund in Agriculture
- Adeola, O. 2001. Digestion and balance techniques in pigs. In: Swine Nutrition, 2nd ed. (Eds. D. J. Lewis and L. L. Southern). CRC Press, New York, USA. pp. 903-916.
- AOAC. 2000. Official Methods of Analysis. 17th ed. Association of Official Analytical Chemists, Arlington, VA, USA.
- Erik, K., B. Knudsen, H. N. Lae rke, and H. Jorgensen. 2013. Carbo hydrates and carbohydrate utilization in swine. In: Sustainable Swine Nutrition, 1st ed. (Ed. Lee I. Chiba). Blackwell Publishi ng Ltd., Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781118491454.ch5. https://doi.org/10.1002/9781118491454.ch5
- Bastianelli, D., D. Sauvant, and A. Re'rat. 1996. Mathematical modeling of digestion and nutrient absorption in pigs. J. Anim. Sci. 74:1873-1887. https://doi.org/10.2527/1996.7481873x
- Chen, L., H. F. Zhang, L. X. Gao, F. Zhao, Q. P. Lu, and R. N. Sa. 2013. Effect of graded levels of fiber from alfalfa meal on intestinal nutrient and energy flow, and hindgut fermentation in growing pigs. J. Anim. Sci. 91:4757-4764. https://doi.org/10.2527/jas.2013-6307
- De Vries, S., A. M. Pustjens, H. A. Schols, W. H. Hendriks, and W. J. J. Gerrits. 2012. Improving digestive utilization of fiber-rich feedstuffs in pigs and poultry by processing and enzyme technologies: A review. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol. 178:123-138. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.anifeedsci.2012.10.004
- Edwards, C. 1993. Interactions between nutrition and the intestinal microflora. Proc. Nutr. Soc. 52:375-382. https://doi.org/10.1079/PNS19930073
- Fan, M. Z. and W. C. Sauer. 1995. Determination of apparent ileal amino acid digestibility in barley and canola meal for pigs with the direct, difference, and regression methods. J. Anim. Sci. 73:2364-2374. https://doi.org/10.2527/1995.7382364x
- Fernandez, J. A., H. Jorgensen, and A. Just. 1986. Comparative digestibility experiments with growing pigs and adult sows. Anim. Prod. 43:127-132. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0003356100018419
- Graham, H., K. Hesselman, and P. Aman. 1986. The influence of wheat bran and sugar-beet pulp on the digestibility of dietary components in a cereal-based pig diet. J. Nutr. 116:242-251. https://doi.org/10.1093/jn/116.2.242
- Huang, Q., X. S. Piao, P. Ren, and D. F. Li. 2012. Prediction of digestible and metabolizable energy content and standardized ileal amino acid digestibility in wheat shorts and red dog for growing pigs. Asian Australas. J. Anim. Sci. 25:1748-1758. https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.2012.12298
- Huang, Q., X. S. Piao, L. Liu, and D. F. Li. 2013. Effects of inclusion level on nutrient digestibility and energy content of wheat middlings and soya bean meal for growing pigs. Arch. Anim. Nutr. 67:356-367. https://doi.org/10.1080/1745039X.2013.837233
- Huang, Q., C. X. Shi, Y. B. Su, Z. Y. Liu, D. F. Li, L. Liu, C. F. Huang, X. S. Piao, and C. H. Lai. 2014. Prediction of the digestible and metabolizable energy content of wheat milling by-products for growing pigs from chemical composition. Anim. Feed Sci.Technol. 196:107-116. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.anifeedsci.2014.06.009
- Johnson, L. R. 1988. Regulation of gastrointestinal mucosal growth. Physiol. Rev. 68:456-502. https://doi.org/10.1152/physrev.19126.96.36.1996
- Jorgensen, H., X. Q. Zaho, and B. O. Eggum. 1996. The influence of dietary fibre and environmental temperature on the development of the gastrointestinal tract, digestibility, degree of fermentation in the hind-gut and energy metabolism in pigs. Br. J. Nutr. 75:365-378. https://doi.org/10.1079/BJN19960140
- Kil, D. Y., T. E. Sauber, D. B. Jones, and H. H. Stein. 2010. Effect of the form of dietary fat and the concentration of dietary neutral detergent fiber on ileal and total tract endogenous losses and apparent and true digestibility of fat by growing pigs. J. Anim. Sci. 88:2959-2967. https://doi.org/10.2527/jas.2009-2216
- Le Goff, G. and J. Noblet. 2001. Comparative total tract digestibility of dietary energy and nutrients in growing pigs and adult sows. J. Anim. Sci. 79:2418-2427. https://doi.org/10.2527/2001.7992418x
- Littell, R. C., P. R. Henry, and C. B. Ammerman. 1998. Statistical analysis of repeated measures data using SAS procedures. J. Anim. Sci. 76:1216-1231. https://doi.org/10.2527/1998.7641216x
- Morel, P. C. H., T. S. Lee, and P. J. Moughan. 2006. Effect of feeding level, live weight and genotype on the apparent faecal digestibility of energy and organic matter in the growing pig. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol. 126:63-74. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.anifeedsci.2005.06.006
- National Research Council. 1998. Nutrient Requirements of Swine, 10th ed. National Academy Press, Washington, DC, USA.
- Noblet, J. and X. S. Shi. 1994. Effect of body weight on digestive utilization of energy and nutrients of ingredients and diets in pigs. Livest. Prod. Sci. 37:323-338. https://doi.org/10.1016/0301-6226(94)90126-0
- Prosky, L., N. G. Asp, T. F. Schweizer, J. W. de Vries, and I. Furda. 1992. Determination of insoluble and soluble dietary fiber in foods and food products: Collaborative study. J. AOAC. Int. 75:360-367.
- Ren, P., Z. P. Zhu, B. Dong, J. J. Zang, and L. M. Gong. 2011. Determination of energy and amino acid digestibility in growing pigs fed corn distillers' dried grains with solubles containing different lipid levels. Arch. Anim. Nutr. 65:303-319. https://doi.org/10.1080/1745039X.2011.588849
- Shi, X. S. and J. Noblet. 1993. Digestible and metabolizable energy values of ten feed ingredients in growing pigs fed ad libitum and sows fed at maintenance level; Comparative contribution of the hindgut. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol. 42:223-236. https://doi.org/10.1016/0377-8401(93)90100-X
- Shi, X. S. and J. Noblet. 1994. Effect of body weight and feed composition on the contribution of hindgut to digestion of energy and nutrients in pigs. Livest. Prod. Sci. 38:225-235. https://doi.org/10.1016/0301-6226(94)90174-0
- Thiex, N. J., H. Manson, S. Anderson, and J. A. Persson. 2002. Determination of crude protein in animal feed, forage, grain, and oilseeds by using block digestion with copper catalyst and steam distillation into boric acid: Collaborative study. J. AOAC. Int. 85:309-317.
- Thiex, N. J., S. Anderson, and B. Gildemeister. 2003. Crude fat, diethyl ester extraction, in feed, cereal grain, and forage (Randall/Soxtec/submersion method): Collaborative study. J. AOAC. Int. 86:888-898.
- Usry, J. L., L. W. Turner, T. S. Stahly, T. C. Bridges, and R. S. Gates. 1991. GI-tract simulation model of the growing pig. Trans. ASABE 34:1879-1890. https://doi.org/10.13031/2013.31814
- Urriola, P. E. and H. H. Stein. 2010. Effects of distillers dried grains with solubles on amino acid, energy, and fiber digestibility and on hindgut fermentation of dietary fiber in a corn-soybean meal diet fed to growing pigs. J. Anim. Sci. 88: 1454-1462. https://doi.org/10.2527/jas.2009-2162
- Urriola, P. E., G. C. Shurson, and H. H. Stein. 2010. Digestibility of dietary fiber in distillers coproducts fed to growing pigs. J. Anim. Sci. 88:2373-2381. https://doi.org/10.2527/jas.2009-2227
- Urriola, P. E. and H. H. Stein. 2012. Comparative digestibility of energy and nutrients in fibrous feed ingredients fed to Meishan and Yorkshire pigs. J. Anim. Sci. 90:802-812. https://doi.org/10.2527/jas.2010-3254
- van Oeckel, M. J., J. Vanacker, N. Warnants, M. De Paepe, and D. L. DeBrabander. 2005. Digestibility and net energy value of wheat bran and sunflower meal: Pregnant sows versus fattening pigs. EAAP. Session P4.32, Abstract no. 526:1-3.
- Varel, V. H. 1987. Activity of fiber-degrading microorganisms in the pig large intestine. J. Anim. Sci. 65:488-496. https://doi.org/10.2527/jas1987.652488x
- Wilfart, A., L. Montagne, P. H. Simmins, J. Van Milgen, and J. Noblet. 2007. Sites of nutrient digestion in growing pigs: Effect of dietary fiber. J. Anim. Sci. 85:976-983. https://doi.org/10.2527/jas.2006-431
- Zhang, Z. H. 2012. Modeling of Energy Value and Determination of Amino Acid Digestibility of Wheat Bran for Growing Pigs. Master's Thesis. China Agricultural University, Beijing, China.
- Potential of Using Maize Cobs in Pig Diets — A Review vol.28, pp.12, 2015, https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.15.0053
- Neutral detergent fiber increases endogenous ileal losses but has no effect on ileal digestibility of amino acids in growing pigs vol.88, pp.2, 2016, https://doi.org/10.1111/asj.12633
- Effect of inclusion level and adaptation duration on digestible energy and nutrient digestibility in palm kernel meal fed to growing-finishing pigs vol.31, pp.3, 2018, https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.17.0515