Polymorphisms in the Perilipin Gene May Affect Carcass Traits of Chinese Meat-type Chickens

  • Zhang, Lu ;
  • Zhu, Qing ;
  • Liu, Yiping ;
  • Gilbert, Elizabeth R. ;
  • Li, Diyan ;
  • Yin, Huadong ;
  • Wang, Yan ;
  • Yang, Zhiqin ;
  • Wang, Zhen ;
  • Yuan, Yuncong ;
  • Zhao, Xiaoling
  • Received : 2014.07.23
  • Accepted : 2015.01.12
  • Published : 2015.06.01


Improved meat quality and greater muscle yield are highly sought after in high-quality chicken breeding programs. Past studies indicated that polymorphisms of the Perilipin gene (PLIN1) are highly associated with adiposity in mammals and are potential molecular markers for improving meat quality and carcass traits in chickens. In the present study, we screened single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in all exons of the PLIN1 gene with a direct sequencing method in six populations with different genetic backgrounds (total 240 individuals). We evaluated the association between the polymorphisms and carcass and meat quality traits. We identified three SNPs, located on the 5' flanking region and exon 1 of PLIN1 on chromosome 10 (rs315831750, rs313726543, and rs80724063, respectively). Eight main haplotypes were constructed based on these SNPs. We calculated the allelic and genotypic frequencies, and genetic diversity parameters of the three SNPs. The polymorphism information content (PIC) ranged from 0.2768 to 0.3750, which reflected an intermediate genetic diversity for all chickens. The CC, CT, and TT genotypes influenced the percentage of breast muscle (PBM), percentage of leg muscle (PLM) and percentage of abdominal fat at rs315831750 (p<0.05). Diplotypes (haplotype pairs) affected the percentage of eviscerated weight (PEW) and PBM (p<0.05). Compared with chickens carrying other diplotypes, H3H7 had the greatest PEW and H2H2 had the greatest PBM, and those with diplotype H7H7 had the smallest PEW and PBM. We conclude that PLIN1 gene polymorphisms may affect broiler carcass and breast muscle yields, and diplotypes H3H7 and H2H2 could be positive molecular markers to enhance PEW and PBM in chickens.


Chickens;Perilipin Gene;Polymorphism;Carcass Traits;Association Analysis


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Supported by : China Agricultural Research System, National Natural Science Foundation of China