Analysis of Ancient Document and Establishment of Petrological Database for Presumption of Stone Source Area of the Seoul City Wall, Korea

한양도성 석재공급지 추정을 위한 고문헌 분석 및 암석학적 데이터베이스 구축

  • Received : 2015.07.12
  • Accepted : 2015.09.17
  • Published : 2015.09.30


This study analyzed ancient documents and established petrological database through extensive field investigation of provenance sites to presume stone source areas of the Seoul City Wall. By summarizing the ancient documents, the rampart stone was mostly supplied from a stony mountain adjacent to the City Wall in the early Joseon period, whereas the stone was provided from fixed quarry outside the City Wall in the late Joseon period. As a result of the petrological investigation based on quarries recorded in the ancient documents, pinkish granite and leucogranite were distributed as a whole, and the granitoid rocks are similar in mineralogical compositions and geochemical behavior characteristics. However, the pinkish granite with magnetic-series show that the magnetic susceptibility increased from the north slope of Namsan Mountain to Bulamsan Mountain. The leucogranite with ilmenite-series mainly occurred along the boundary between granite and gneiss from Yongmasan Mountain to Inwangsan Mountain. Consequently, the important petrological indicators for presumption of stone source areas are the rock color and the magnetic susceptibility. In addition to the petrological features, the reliability for provenance interpretation should improve considering stone quantities in the quarries, transportation distance and technical skills.


Seoul City Wall;Ancient document;Stone source area;Magnetic susceptibility;Database


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  1. Editorial : 2015, Applied petrology: Dimension stone, Aggregate, Stone cultural heritage vol.24, pp.3, 2015,


Supported by : 한국연구재단