Application of SFCL on Bus Tie for Parallel Operation of Power Main Transformers in a Fuel Cell Power Systems

  • Chai, Hui-Seok (Dept. of Electrical Engineering, Soongsil University) ;
  • Kang, Byoung-Wook (Dept. of Electrical Engineering, Soongsil University) ;
  • Kim, Jin-Seok (Dept. of Electrical Engineering, Soongsil University) ;
  • Kim, Jae-Chul (Dept. of Electrical Engineering, Soongsil University)
  • 투고 : 2014.11.24
  • 심사 : 2015.09.07
  • 발행 : 2015.11.01


In the power plant using high temperature fuel cells such as Molten Carbonate Fuel Cell(MCFC), and Solid Oxide Fuel Cell(SOFC), the generated electric power per area of power generation facilities is much higher than any other renewable energy sources. - High temperature fuel cell systems are capable of operating at MW rated power output. - It also has a feature that is short for length of the line for connecting the interior of the generation facilities. In normal condition, these points are advantages for voltage drops or power losses. However, in abnormal condition such as fault occurrence in electrical system, the fault currents are increased, because of the small impedance of the short length of power cable. Commonly, to minimize the thermal-mechanical stresses on the stack and increase the systems reliability, we divided the power plant configuration to several banks for parallel operation. However, when a fault occurs in the parallel operation system of power main transformer, the fault currents might exceed the interruption capacity of protective devices. In fact, although the internal voltage level of the fuel cell power plant is the voltage level of distribution systems, we should install the circuit breakers for transmission systems due to fault current. To resolve these problems, the SFCL has been studied as one of the noticeable devices. Therefore, we analyzed the effect of application of the SFCL on bus tie in a fuel cell power plants system using PSCAD/EMTDC.


DG interconnection;Parallel operation;Fuel cell;SFCL, Protection


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