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읽기장애 유형에 따른 인지능력 특성 연구

The Characteristics of Reading-related Skills in Poor Comprehenders, Poor Readers and Normal Readers in Hangul

  • 박현린 (광주대학교 언어치료학과)
  • Park, Hyun-Rin (Dept. of Speech-Language Therapy, Gwangju University)
  • 투고 : 2015.01.22
  • 심사 : 2015.03.20
  • 발행 : 2015.03.28

초록

지금까지의 읽기장애 연구에서는 문자언어 음독의 정확성과 속도 즉 해독(음독)능력에 어려움을 가진 난독증(dyslexia)을 대상으로 한 연구에 초점이 맞추어져 있었으나 최근의 보고에 따르면 음독능력에는 어려움을 가지지 않음에도 불구하고 특수하게 읽기 이해력만이 저하되는 특정 읽기이해부진아동의 사례가 보고되고 있다. 이에 본 연구에서는 음독능력은 저하되지 않으나 읽기 이해력만이 특수하게 저하되는 읽기이해부진 아동과, 음독능력과 읽기 이해력 모두 저하되는 읽기부진 아동의 특징을 비교검토 하였다. 그 결과 읽기부진아동이 음운인식 과제와 음운 작업기억 과제 모두에서 유의하게 낮은 수행을 보인 반면 특정 읽기이해부진아동 집단의 경우 음운 작업기억의 유의한 저하만이 나타나는 것을 확인할 수 있었다. 본 연구결과를 토대로 읽기 이해력 장애아동의 특성에 대한 시사점을 논하였다.

키워드

읽기이해력 저하군;읽기 부진;읽기장애;읽기장애 정책 및 교육 지원

과제정보

연구 과제 주관 기관 : Gwangju University

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