A study on the path that the linguistic competence of Marriage migrants affects to the quality of life

결혼이주민의 언어능력이 삶의 질에 영향을 미치는 경로에 관한 연구

  • Lee, Yong-Kyu (College of Public Service, Chung-Ang University) ;
  • Moon, Hyung-Ran (Graduate school of public administration, Chung-Ang University)
  • 이용규 (중앙대학교 공공인재학부) ;
  • 문형란 (중앙대학교 행정대학원)
  • Received : 2015.01.16
  • Accepted : 2015.03.20
  • Published : 2015.03.28


This study intends to investigate the path that their language competence impacts on the quality of life through family relationships and social relationships. We conducted a questionnaire survey of marriage immigrants, living in metropolitan areas of Korea. The results are summarized as follows: First, including linguistic competence paths directly and indirectly through family relationships and social relationships, all paths that affect the quality of life has been noted. Secondly, in highly educated, high-income and spontaneous-marriage-immigrants population groups, relationships among linguistic competence, family relationships, social relationships and the quality of life were turned out to be relatively high than comparative groups. third, every groups investigated in this study have different paths that the linguistic competence influence the quality of life, but family relationship has a stronger effect on the quality of life than any other variables including linguistic competence.


linguistic competence;Marriage migrants;quality of life;family relationships;social relationships


  1. Department of Justice, Immigration statistics, Jan. 2015.
  2. Jae-gak Jeong, German Immigration Policy -Continuity and Conflicts in Major Policies on Immigrant Integration, Zeitschrift der Koreanisch-Deutschen Gesellschaft Fur Sozialwissenschaften, 21(3), 79-106, 2011.
  3. Hartmut Esser, Does the "New" Immigration Require a "New" Theory of Intergenerational Integration?, International Migration Review, 38(3): 1126-1159, 2004.
  4. Anita Cvetkovic, The Integration of Immigrants in Northern Sweden: A Case Study of the Municipality of Stromsund, International Migration. 47(1): 101-131, 2009.
  5. Yong-kyu Lee, Yong-Jun Kye, Yong-chan Song, The purpose of this study is to identify the influencing factors to the quality of life and the difference factors such as age, gender, Korean Local Government Research , 25(3): 173-199, 2013.
  6. Hua-shan, An, A Comparative Study on the Quality of Life of Korean and Chinese Employed-Married Women, Ph.D. dissertation Chonnam National University, 2008.
  7. A. Campbell, The Sense of Well-being in America: Recent Patterns and Trends. New York: McGraw-Hill Book Company, 1981.
  8. World Health Organization, Report of WHOQOL Focus Group Work. MNH/PSF/93.4. WHO, Geneva, 1993.
  9. S. K. Chaturvedi, What's important for quality of life to Indians-In relation to cancer, Social Science & Medicine, 33(1): 91-94, 1991.
  10. Yong-chie Park, Quality of Life : Status Quo and What Needs to be Done, Theses, The University of Seoul, Vol. 30, 67-92, 1996.
  11. Ed. Diener, Subjective Well-Being: The Science of Happiness and a Proposal for a National Index, American Psychologist, 55(1): 34-43, 2000.
  12. Richard A. Easterlin, Will raising the incomes of all increase the happiness of all? Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization, 27: 35-47, 1995.
  13. Myeong-jun Kim, A Study on the Relationship of Enculturation Type to the Quality of Life among Marriage Immigrant Women, master's degree, Kyonggi University, 2011.
  14. Jae-kyu Park, Factors Influencing the Adjustment of Rural Life of International Marriage Migrant Women, Rural Economic, 29(3); 67-84, 2006.
  15. Ji-hye Yi, Marital relationship satisfaction among female marriage immigrants, master's degree, Seoul National University, 2007.
  16. Soon-Mi Yang, Hyun-Sook Chung, Variables affecting the adjustment of marital life and satisfaction of international marriage couple of rural in Korea, Journal of Marriage and Family, 11(3): 223-252, 2006.
  17. Dae-yong Jeong, The meaning of literacy education on the life adaptation process of intermarriage wemen, Ph.D. dissertation, Soongsil National University, 2011.
  18. Yong-Kil Kim, A study on the physical, social, and leisure-welfare factors in the quality of life for the aged, Ph.D. dissertation, Seoul Christian University, 2013.
  19. Sung-Il Shin, A Meta-Regression Analysis on Related Variables of Elders' Quality of Life, Ph.D. dissertation, Chungbuk National University, 2012.
  20. K. S. Rook, The negative side of social interaction, journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 46: 1097-1108, 1984.
  21. B. Ataca & John W. Berry, Psychological, sociocultural, and marital adaptation of Turkish immigrant couples in Canada, International Journal of Psychology, 37(1): 13-26, 2002.
  22. J. W. Berry, U. Kim, T. Minde, & D. Mok, Comparative studies of acculturative stress. International Migration Review, 21: 491-511, 1988.
  23. Tae-Hi Ha, Development of the Structural Model of Middle-aged Men's Subjective Quality of Life, Ph.D. dissertation, Kyungpook National University, 2012.
  24. Eun-sil Kim, Acculturative Stress, Social Support and Social Adjustment of Marriage-based Immigrant Wemen, Master's degree, Chungbuk Univ. 2007.
  25. Sung-kil Min, Chang-il Lee, Kwang-il Kim, Shin-young Suh, & Dong-kee Kim, Development of Korean version of WHO quality of life scale abbreviated version(WHOQOL-BREF), J. Korean Neuropsychiatr Assoc, Vol. 39 No. 3, pp. 571-579, 2000.
  26. Ji-hye Yi, Marital relationship satisfaction among female marriage immigrants, master's degree, Seoul National University, 2007.
  27. Soon-Gyu Kim & Choo-Jae Lee, The Effect of Linguistic Ability and Social Support on Adjustment among Women of Multicultural Families in Korea, Korean Journal of Family Welfare, Vol . 15 No. 1 pp. 5-20, 2010.
  28. Miki Hong, A Study on Acculturative Stress and Dyadic Adjustment of Immigrant Women who Married to Korean Men : Focusing on the Mediating Effect of Social Support and Couple's Communication, Ph.D. dissertation, Ewha Womans University, 2009.

Cited by

  1. Effects of Multicultural Acceptance Attitude, Language Acceptance Attitude and Social Network on Married Female Immigrants and Korean Husbands’ Life Satisfaction during the Adjustment Period vol.27, pp.2, 2016,