DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

Knowledge and Beliefs of Malaysian Adolescents Regarding Cancer

  • Al-Naggar, Redhwan Ahmed (Population Health and Preventive Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Universiti Teknologi MARA) ;
  • Jillson, Irene Anne (School of Nursing and Health Studies, Georgetown University) ;
  • Abu-Hamad, Samir (School of Nursing and Health Studies, Georgetown University) ;
  • Mumford, William (School of Nursing and Health Studies, Georgetown University) ;
  • Bobryshev, Yuri V. (Faculty of Medicine, University of New South Wales)
  • Published : 2015.03.04

Abstract

Background: Few studies have explored the knowledge and attitudes of adolescents toward cancer prevention and treatment. This lack of research and its potential utility in the development of new educational initiatives and screening methods, or the reconstruction of existing ones, provided the impetus for this study. The primary research aim was to assess secondary school student knowledge of cancer and determine whether or not they possessed basic knowledge of cancer symptoms, risk factors, and treatments and to determine the relationship between cancer knowledge and key demographic factors. Materials and Methods: The Management and Science University conducted a cross-sectional study analyzing responses through cross-tabulation with the socio-demographic data collected. Results: The findings of our quantitative analysis suggest that Malaysian youth generally possess a moderate knowledge about cancer. Quantitative analyses found that socioeconomic inequalities and bias in education present as important factors contributing to cancer awareness, prevention, and treatment among Malaysian adolescents. Conclusions: The findings indicate that Malaysian youth generally possess a moderate knowledge about cancer but the current deficiencies in initiatives directed to cancer awareness continue to hinder the improvement in prevention of cancer among Malaysian adolescents.

Keywords

Adolescents;cancer;knowledge;beliefs;Malaysia

Acknowledgement

Supported by : Universiti Teknologi MARA

References

  1. Al-Naggar RA (2012). Knowledge and practice towards lung cancer among university students. J Community Med Health Educ, 2, 3
  2. Al-Naggar RA, Bobryshev YV (2013). Knowledge of colorectal screening among young Malaysians. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev, 14, 1969-74 https://doi.org/10.7314/APJCP.2013.14.3.1969
  3. Al-Naggar RA, Kadir SY (2013). Lung cancer among secondary school male teachers in Kudat, Sabah, Malaysia. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev, 14, 103-9 https://doi.org/10.7314/APJCP.2013.14.1.103
  4. Country Cooperation Strategy at a Glance (2013). World health organization (WHO).
  5. Country Health Profile-Malaysia (2013). World health organization (WHO).
  6. Ezat SW, Hod R, Mustafa J, et al (2013). National HPV immunisation programme: knowledge and acceptance of mothers attending an obstetrics. clinic at a teaching hospital, kuala lumpur. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev, 14, 2991-9 https://doi.org/10.7314/APJCP.2013.14.5.2991
  7. Gunasekaran B, Jayasinghe Y, Fenner Y, et al (2013). Knowledge of human papillomavirus and cervical cancer among young women recruited using a social networking site. Sex Transm Dis, 89, 327-9 https://doi.org/10.1136/sextrans-2012-050612
  8. Harmy MY, Norwati D, Noor NM, Amry AR (2011). Knowledge and attitude of colorectal cancer screening among moderate risk patients in west Malaysia. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev, 12, 1957-60
  9. Hisham AN, Yip CH (2004). Overview of breast cancer in malaysian women: a problem with late diagnosis. Asian J Surg, 27, 130-133 https://doi.org/10.1016/S1015-9584(09)60326-2
  10. Jaafar S, Noh KM, Muttalib KA, Othman Judith Healy J (2012). Malaysia health system review. Ed. Judith Healy.1st ed. Vol. 3. Asia pacific observatory on health policies & world health organization (WHO), 2012. Health Systems in Transition
  11. Laman Web Rasmi Unit PerancangEkonomi. Economic Planning Unit (Malaysia) (2013). (Table 2: mean monthly gross household income by ethnicity, strata and State, Malaysia, 1970-2012.
  12. Lim HK, Ghazali SM, Kee CC, et al (2013). Epidemiology of smoking among Malaysian adult males: prevalence and associated factors. BMC Public Health1, 3, 8
  13. Leong BD, Chuah JA, Kumar VM, Yip CH (2007). Breast cancer in Sabah, Malaysia: a two year prospective study. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev, 8, 525-529
  14. Loh KW, Majid HA, Dahlui M, Roslani AC, Su TT (2013). Sociodemographic predictors of recall and recognition of colorectal cancer symptoms and anticipated delay in helpseeking in a multiethnic Asian population. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev, 14, 3799-804 https://doi.org/10.7314/APJCP.2013.14.6.3799
  15. Malaysia External Trade Development Corporation. Accessed on April 22, 2014, at: http://www.matrade.gov.my/en/ foriegn-buyers-section/69-industry-write-up--products/722- textiles-and-apparel- "Malaysia Facts."The Tobacco Atlas. World Lung Foundation and American Cancer Society, 2013
  16. Malaysia External Trade Development Corporation (MATRADE). (2014). http://www.matrade.gov.my/
  17. Malaysia. The World Fact Book. Central Intelligence Agency, 2013
  18. Merriam S, Muhamad M (2013). Roles traditional healers play in cancer treatment in Malaysia: implications for health promotion and education. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev, 14, 3593-601 https://doi.org/10.7314/APJCP.2013.14.6.3593
  19. Morales-Campos DY, Markham CM, Peskin MF, Fernandez ME (2013). Hispanic mothers' and high school girls' perceptions of cervical cancer, human papilloma virus, and the human papilloma virus vaccine. J Adolesc Health, 52, 69-75.
  20. Nor Hashim NA, Ramzi NH, Velapasamy S, et al (2012). Identification of genetic and non-genetic risk factors for nasopharyngeal carcinoma in a Southeast Asian population. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev, 13, 6005-10 https://doi.org/10.7314/APJCP.2012.13.12.6005
  21. Norsa'adah B, Rahmah MA, Rampal KG, Knight A (2012). Understanding barriers to Malaysian women with breast cancer seeking help. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev, 13, 3723-30. https://doi.org/10.7314/APJCP.2012.13.8.3723
  22. Omar ZA, Tamin NSI (2011). National cancer registry report- malaysia cancer statistics - data and figures. Putrajaya: Ministry Health, Malaysia,
  23. Pak J (2013). "Is Malaysia University Entry a Level Playing Field?" BBC News. BBC, 1.
  24. Population Distribution and Basic Demographic Characteristic Report (2010). Department of statistics, Malaysia, 2011
  25. Rashwan H1, Ishak I, Sawalludin N (2013). Knowledge and views of secondary school students in Kuala Lumpur on cervical cancer and its prevention. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev, 14, 2545-9 https://doi.org/10.7314/APJCP.2013.14.4.2545
  26. Rashwan HH, Saat NZ, AbdManan DN (2012). Knowledge, attitude and practice of Malaysian medical and pharmacy students towards human papillomavirus vaccination. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev, 13, 2279-83 https://doi.org/10.7314/APJCP.2012.13.5.2279
  27. Sachithanandan A, Badmanaban B (2012). Screening for lung cancer in Malaysia: are we there yet? Med J Malaysia, 67, 3-6
  28. Tempark T, Chatproedprai S, Wananukul S (2012). Attitudes, Knowledge, and Behaviors of Secondary School Adolescents regarding Protection from Sun Exposure: A Survey in Bangkok, Thailand. Photodermatol Photoimmunol Photomed, 28, 200-6 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0781.2012.00671.x
  29. Tey NP (2006). Trends and correlates of delayed marriage in Malaysia, and implications for development.asian meta centre for population and sustainable development analysis. proc. of international conference on population and development in asia: critical issues for a sustainable future, Phuket, Thailand. faculty of arts & social sciences, National University of Singapore, 22 March 2006
  30. UNESCO Institute for Statistics. School Enrollment, Tertiary (2013). World Bank Data Bank
  31. WHO Cooperation Strategy (2013). World Health Organization (WHO).
  32. WHO Country Health (2013). World Health Organization (WHO).
  33. Wojciech K, Jaglarz K, Tomaszewski KA, Puskulluoglu M, Krzemieniecki K (2013). Assessment of knowledge about cervical cancer and its prevention among female students Aged 17-26 Years. Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol, l166, 196-203
  34. Yip CH, Talib NAM, Mohamed I (2006). Epidemiology of breast cancer in Malaysia. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev, 7, 369-74.
  35. Yip CH, Talib NAM, Mohamed I (2006). Epidemiology of breast cancer in Malaysia. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev, 7, 369-74.