DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

Knowledge Regarding Early Detection of Cancer among Romanian Women having Relatives with Cancer

  • Lotrean, Lucia Maria (Department of Hygiene, Faculty of Medicine, Iuliu Hatieganu University of Medicine and Pharmacy) ;
  • Ailoaiei, Roxana (Department of Hygiene, Faculty of Medicine, Iuliu Hatieganu University of Medicine and Pharmacy) ;
  • Popa, Monica (Department of Hygiene, Faculty of Medicine, Iuliu Hatieganu University of Medicine and Pharmacy) ;
  • de Vries, Hein (Department of Health Education and Health Promotion, Faculty of Health, Medicine and Life Sciences, Maastricht University)
  • Published : 2015.03.04

Abstract

Cancers can be detected in early stages through awareness of suspicious symptoms or by specific actions undertaken by individuals or participation in medical checks or screening programmes. The present research had three objectives: to assess the knowledge of Romanian women who have relatives with cancer with regard to cancer symptoms and detection methods; to identify socio-demographics factors influencing their level of knowledge; provide information regarding the attitudes of women from the study regarding medical help-seeking in case of any symptom which might be associated with cancer. This cross-sectional study was performed in an oncological hospital from Cluj-Napoca, Romania. It involved 160 women aged 18-70 years, who had relatives with cancer. An anonymous questionnaire was filled in by the participants. The results showed that around 10% of the study sample recognized all the 8 listed symptoms associated with cancer and all the 7 listed methods for cancer detection. The results of the linear regression analyses show that the level of knowledge regarding both symptoms and methods for detection was higher among younger women (B=-0.390, p<0.01, respectively B=-0.260; p<0.01), among those living in urban areas (B=0.872, p<0.01, respectively B=0.676; p<0.01) and those having higher educational level (B=0.883, p<0.001, respectively B=0.536; p<0.001). The majority of the participants agreed with the importance of looking for medical help within weeks up to one month in case that a symptom which might be associated with cancer was observed. The study underlines the necessity that much more information should be given to women who have relatives with cancer about what they can do to detect cancer in an early stage. This is especially needed for older women, women living in rural areas and women having a lower educational level.

Keywords

Cancer detection;knowledge;women having relatives with cancer;Romania

Acknowledgement

Supported by : European Social Found

References

  1. Adakan Y, Taskoparan M, Cekin AH, et al (2014) Implementation of screening colonoscopy amongst first- degree relatives of patients with colorectal cancer in Turkey: a cross-sectional questionnaire based survey, Asian Pac J Cancer Prev, 15, 5523-28. https://doi.org/10.7314/APJCP.2014.15.14.5523
  2. Akhal LU, Celik S, Alkan I, Kurtuncu M (2010). Cancer awareness among university students in Turkey. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev, 15, 4289-94.
  3. Akhtar S, Sinha S, McKenzie S, et al (2008). Awareness of risk factor amongst first degree relative patients with colorectal cancer. Colorectal Dis, 10, 887-90.
  4. Al-Sharbatti SS, Burhanuddin Shaikh R, Mathew E, et al (2013). Breast self examination practice and breast cancer risk perception among female university students in Ajman. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev, 14, 4919-23. https://doi.org/10.7314/APJCP.2013.14.8.4919
  5. Andreeva VA, Pokhrel P (2013). Breast cancer screening utilization among Eastern European immigrant women worldwide: a systematic literature review and a focus on psychosocial barriers. Psychooncology, 22, 2664-75. https://doi.org/10.1002/pon.3344
  6. Center for Health Policies and Services (2007). Smoking and public health in Romania. knowledge, attitudes and practices regarding tobacco use among general population. The center, Bucharest (in Romania).
  7. Chin Che C, Coomarasamy J, Suppayah B (2014). Perception of breast health amongst Malaysian female adolescents. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev, 15, 7175-80. https://doi.org/10.7314/APJCP.2014.15.17.7175
  8. Chukmaitov A, Wan TT, Menachemi N, Cashin C (2008). Breast cancer knowledge and attitudes toward mammography as predictors of breast cancer preventive behavior in Kazakh, Korean, and Russian women in Kazakhstan. Int J Public Health, 53, 123-30. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00038-008-7001-9
  9. De Nooijer J, Lechner L, Candel M, de Vries H (2004). Shortand long-term effects of tailored information versus general information on determinants and intentions related to early detection of cancer. Prev Med, 38, 694-703. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ypmed.2003.12.016
  10. Eurobarometru (2012). Attitudes of Europeans towards Tobacco http://epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/cache/ITY_OFFPUB/ KS-SF-12-050/EN/KS-SF-12-050-EN.PDF Accessed May 2014.
  11. Grimes C, Wanless RS, Damonti J (2014). New models for elevating the practice and status of community-based nursing across the spectrum of cancer care in Central and Eastern Europe. Eur J Oncol Nurs, 18, 97-122. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejon.2014.07.008
  12. Gultekin M, Ozgul N, Olcayto E, et al (2011). Level of knowledge among Turkish people for cancer and cancer risk factors. J Turkish Soc Obstets Gynecol, 8, 57-61. https://doi.org/10.5505/tjod.2011.93446
  13. International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) (2012). Latest world cancer statistics. Available at: http://www.iarc.fr/en/media-centre/pr/2013/pdfs/pr223_E.pdf. Accessed Jan 2013.
  14. Jackowska M, von Wagner C, Wardle J, et al (2012). Cervical screening among migrant women: a qualitative study of Polish, Slovak and Romanian women in London, UK. J Fam Plann Reprod Health Care, 38, 229-38. https://doi.org/10.1136/jfprhc-2011-100144
  15. Jo HS, Kwon MS, Jung SM, Bo L (2014). Awareness of cancer and cancer screening by Korean community residents. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev, 15, 5523-8. https://doi.org/10.7314/APJCP.2014.15.14.5523
  16. Kamzol W, Jaglarz K, Tomaszewski KA, Puskulluoglu M, Krzemieniecki K (2013).Assessment of knowledge about cervical cancer and its prevention among female students aged 17-26 years. Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol, 166, 196-203. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejogrb.2012.10.019
  17. Keeney S, McKenna H, Fleming P, McIlfatrick S (2011). An exploration of public knowledge of warning signs for cancer. Eur J Oncol Nurs, 15, 31-7. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejon.2010.05.007
  18. Kumar YS, Mishra G, Gupta S, Shastri S (2011). Level of cancer awareness among women of lower socioeconomic status in Mumbai slums. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev, 12, 1295-8.
  19. Lotrean LM, Ailoaiei R, Torres Mejia G. (2013) Health risk behavior of Romanian adults having relatives with Cancer. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev, 14, 6465-68. https://doi.org/10.7314/APJCP.2013.14.11.6465
  20. Luszczynska A, Durawa AB, Scholz U, Knoll N (2012). Empowerment beliefs and intention to uptake cervical cancer screening: three psychosocial mediating mechanisms.Women Health, 52, 162-81. https://doi.org/10.1080/03630242.2012.656187
  21. Matejic B, Vukovic D, Pekmezovic T, Kesic V, Markovic M (2011). Determinants of preventive health behavior in relation to cervical cancer screening among the female population of Belgrade. Health Educ Res, 26, 201-11. https://doi.org/10.1093/her/cyq081
  22. Oncological Institute I Chiricuta (2008). Primul raport al Registrului Regional de Cancer Nord-Vest, Romania (the first report of the North-West Regional Cancer Registry, Romania). Casa Cartii de Stiinta, Cluj-Napoca.
  23. Palmer RC, Emmons KM, Fletcher RH, et al (2007). Familial risk and colorectal cancer screening health beliefs and attitudes in an insured population. Prev Med, 45, 336-41. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ypmed.2007.07.021
  24. Radi SM (2013). Breast cancer awareness among Saudi females in Jeddah. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev, 14, 4307-12 https://doi.org/10.7314/APJCP.2013.14.7.4307
  25. Singapore Cancer Society. General Cancer Information. 8 Warning Signs and Symptoms of Cancer http://www.singaporecancersociety.org.sg/LearnAboutCancer/8warni ngssymptomsandsignsofcancer.aspx [Accesed September 2014].
  26. Stativa E, Anghelescu C. (2005) Knowledge, attitudes and parental practices in Romania. http://www.unicef.org/ romania/ro/RAPORT_practici_parentale.pdf [Accessed September 2014].
  27. Vrscaj MU, Vakselj A, Strzinar V, et al (2008). Knowledge about and attitudes to pap smears, cervical cancer and human papillomavirus among women in Slovenia. Eur J Gynaecol Oncol, 29,148-53.
  28. World Health Organization. Early detection of cancer. http:// www.who.int/cancer/detection/en/. [Accesed June 2014]
  29. Yilmaz D, Bebis H, Ortabag T (2013). Determining the awareness of and compliance with breast cancer screening among Turkish residential women. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev, 14, 3281-8. https://doi.org/10.7314/APJCP.2013.14.5.3281

Cited by

  1. Objective and Subjective Cancer Knowledge Among Faith-Based Chinese Adults vol.38, pp.1, 2017, https://doi.org/10.1177/0272684X17749567