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Matrix Metalloproteinase-2 -1306 C>T Gene Polymorphism is Associated with Reduced Risk of Cancer: a Meta-analysis

  • Haque, Shafiul (Research & Scientific Studies Unit, College of Nursing and Allied Health Sciences, Jazan University) ;
  • Akhter, Naseem (Department of Biosciences, Jamia Millia Islamia (A Central University)) ;
  • Lohani, Mohtashim (Department of Biotechnology, Integral University) ;
  • Ali, Arif (Department of Biosciences, Jamia Millia Islamia (A Central University)) ;
  • Mandal, Raju K. (Research & Scientific Studies Unit, College of Nursing and Allied Health Sciences, Jazan University)
  • Published : 2015.03.04

Abstract

Matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP2) is an endopeptidase, mainly responsible for degradation of extracellular matrix components, which plays an important role in cancer disease. A single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) at -1306 disrupts a Sp1-type promoter site. The results from the published studies on the association between MMP2 -1306 C>T polymorphism and cancer risk are contradictory and inconclusive. In the present study, a meta-analysis was therefore performed to evaluate the strength of any association between the MMP2 -1306 C>T polymorphism and risk of cancer. We searched all eligible studies published on association between MMP2 -1306 C>T polymorphism and cancer risk in PubMed (Medline), EMBASE and Google Scholar online web databases until December 2013. Genotype distribution data were collected to calculate the pooled odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (95%CIs) to examine the strength of the association. A total of 8,590 cancer cases and 9,601 controls were included from twenty nine eligible case control studies. Overall pooled analysis suggested significantly reduced risk associated with heterozygous genotype (CT vs CC: OR=0.758, 95%CI=0.637 to 0.902, p=0.002) and dominant model (TT+CT vs CC: OR=0.816, 95%CI=0.678 to 0.982, p=0.032) genetic models. However, allelic (T vs C: OR=0.882, 95%CI=0.738 to 1.055, p=0.169), homozygous (TT vs CC: OR=1.185, 95%CI=0.825 to 1.700, p=0.358) and recessive (TT vs CC+CT: OR=1.268, 95%CI=0.897 to 1.793, p=0.179) models did not show any risk. No evidence of publication bias was detected during the analysis. The results of present meta-analysis suggest that the MMP2 -1306 C>T polymorphism is significantly associated with reduced risk of cancer. However, further studies with consideration of different populations will be required to evaluate this relationship in more detail.

Keywords

Meta-analysis;MMP2;cancer;susceptibility;polymorphism

Acknowledgement

Supported by : Institute of Life Sciences

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