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Epidemiology and Trend of Cancers in the Province of Kerman: Southeast of Iran

  • Keyghobadi, Naeimeh (Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, Faculty of Health, Sahib Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences) ;
  • Rafiemanesh, Hosein (Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences) ;
  • Mohammadian-Hafshejani, Abdollah (Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences) ;
  • Enayatrad, Mostafa (Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences) ;
  • Salehiniya, Hamid (Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences)
  • Published : 2015.03.09

Abstract

Background: According to increase in elderly populations, and change in lifestyle and cancer-causing behavior, the global burden of cancer is increasing. For prevention and control of disease, knowledge of population statistics of cancers and their trends is essential. This study aimed to investigate the epidemiology and trends of cancer in the province of Kerman: southeast of Iran. Materials and Methods: This analytical and cross-sectional study was carried out based on cancer registry data at the Disease Management Center of the Health Ministry from 2004 to 2009 in the province of Kerman in Iran. Common cancers were defined as the number of reported cases and standardized incidence rates. To compute the annual percentage change (APC), joinpoint 4.1.1.1 software was applied. Results: Of 10,595 registered cases, 45.3% (4802 cases) were in women and 56.7% (5,793 cases) occurred in men. The standardized incidence rates for both females and males were increasing during the six years studied. The most common cancers in both sexes during six years of studied were skin (13.4%), breast (9.35%), bladder (7.8%), stomach (7.45%), leukemia (7.05%), colorectal(5.57%), lung(4.92%), trachea(3.51%) and prostate(2.48%). Conclusions: Our findings revealed that the cancer incidence is demonstrating increasing trends in both sexes in the province of Kerman. This may be because of changes in lifestyle, increasing exposure to risk factors for cancer and increase of life expectancy. If this is the case, increasing public awareness of cancer risk factors is a high priority, together with introduction of large-scale screening techniques.

Keywords

Cancer;epidemiology;time trends;Iran

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